Garfinkel Alan

Title(s)Professor, Integrative Biology and Physiology
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    Other Positions
    Title(s)Professor, Medicine

    Title(s)Faculty, Cardiovascular Research Laboratory

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Kung GL, Vaseghi M, Gahm JK, Shevtsov J, Garfinkel A, Shivkumar K, Ennis DB. Microstructural Infarct Border Zone Remodeling in the Post-infarct Swine Heart Measured by Diffusion Tensor MRI. Front Physiol. 2018; 9:826. PMID: 30246802.
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    2. Landaw J, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN, Qu Z. Memory-Induced Chaos in Cardiac Excitation. Phys Rev Lett. 2017 Mar 31; 118(13):138101. PMID: 28409990.
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    3. Liu MB, Ko CY, Song Z, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN, Qu Z. A Dynamical Threshold for Cardiac Delayed Afterdepolarization-Mediated Triggered Activity. Biophys J. 2016 Dec 06; 111(11):2523-2533. PMID: 27926853.
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    4. Ponnaluri AV, Perotti LE, Liu M, Qu Z, Weiss JN, Ennis DB, Klug WS, Garfinkel A. Electrophysiology of Heart Failure Using a Rabbit Model: From the Failing Myocyte to Ventricular Fibrillation. PLoS Comput Biol. 2016 06; 12(6):e1004968. PMID: 27336310.
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    5. Prudat Y, Madhvani RV, Angelini M, Borgstom NP, Garfinkel A, Karagueuzian HS, Weiss JN, de Lange E, Olcese R, Kucera JP. Stochastic pacing reveals the propensity to cardiac action potential alternans and uncovers its underlying dynamics. J Physiol. 2016 05 01; 594(9):2537-53. PMID: 26563830; PMCID: PMC4850193 [Available on 04/28/17].
    6. Liu MB, de Lange E, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN, Qu Z. Delayed afterdepolarizations generate both triggers and a vulnerable substrate promoting reentry in cardiac tissue. Heart Rhythm. 2015 Oct; 12(10):2115-24. PMID: 26072025.
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    7. Madhvani RV, Angelini M, Xie Y, Pantazis A, Suriany S, Borgstrom NP, Garfinkel A, Qu Z, Weiss JN, Olcese R. Targeting the late component of the cardiac L-type Ca2+ current to suppress early afterdepolarizations. J Gen Physiol. 2015 May; 145(5):395-404. PMID: 25918358; PMCID: PMC4411259.
    8. Weiss JN, Garfinkel A, Karagueuzian HS, Nguyen TP, Olcese R, Chen PS, Qu Z. Perspective: a dynamics-based classification of ventricular arrhythmias. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2015 May; 82:136-52. PMID: 25769672; PMCID: PMC4405495.
    9. Krishnamoorthi S, Perotti LE, Borgstrom NP, Ajijola OA, Frid A, Ponnaluri AV, Weiss JN, Qu Z, Klug WS, Ennis DB, Garfinkel A. Simulation Methods and Validation Criteria for Modeling Cardiac Ventricular Electrophysiology. PLoS One. 2014; 9(12):e114494. PMID: 25493967.
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    10. Qu Z, Hu G, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN. Nonlinear and Stochastic Dynamics in the Heart. Phys Rep. 2014 Oct 10; 543(2):61-162. PMID: 25267872.
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    11. Guo Y, Sun M, Garfinkel A, Zhao X. Mechanisms of side branching and tip splitting in a model of branching morphogenesis. PLoS One. 2014; 9(7):e102718. PMID: 25050616; PMCID: PMC4106868.
    12. Dolezal BA, Chudzynski J, Dickerson D, Mooney L, Rawson RA, Garfinkel A, Cooper CB. Exercise training improves heart rate variability after methamphetamine dependency. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2014 Jun; 46(6):1057-66. PMID: 24162556; PMCID: PMC3999306.
    13. Guo Y, Chen TH, Zeng X, Warburton D, Boström KI, Ho CM, Zhao X, Garfinkel A. Branching patterns emerge in a mathematical model of the dynamics of lung development. J Physiol. 2014 Jan 15; 592(2):313-24. PMID: 24247979; PMCID: PMC3922496.
    14. Qu Z, Xie LH, Olcese R, Karagueuzian HS, Chen PS, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN. Early afterdepolarizations in cardiac myocytes: beyond reduced repolarization reserve. Cardiovasc Res. 2013 Jul 01; 99(1):6-15. PMID: 23619423; PMCID: PMC3687754.
    15. Chang MG, de Lange E, Calmettes G, Garfinkel A, Qu Z, Weiss JN. Pro- and antiarrhythmic effects of ATP-sensitive potassium current activation on reentry during early afterdepolarization-mediated arrhythmias. Heart Rhythm. 2013 Apr; 10(4):575-82. PMID: 23246594.
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    16. Chen TH, Zhu X, Pan L, Zeng X, Garfinkel A, Tintut Y, Demer LL, Zhao X, Ho CM. Directing tissue morphogenesis via self-assembly of vascular mesenchymal cells. Biomaterials. 2012 Dec; 33(35):9019-26. PMID: 23010575; PMCID: PMC3466383.
    17. Cheng H, Reddy A, Sage A, Lu J, Garfinkel A, Tintut Y, Demer LL. Focal high cell density generates a gradient of patterns in self-organizing vascular mesenchymal cells. J Vasc Res. 2012; 49(5):441-6. PMID: 22797747; PMCID: PMC3478883.
    18. Chang MG, Chang CY, de Lange E, Xu L, O'Rourke B, Karagueuzian HS, Tung L, Marbán E, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN, Qu Z, Abraham MR. Dynamics of early afterdepolarization-mediated triggered activity in cardiac monolayers. Biophys J. 2012 Jun 20; 102(12):2706-14. PMID: 22735520; PMCID: PMC3379011.
    19. Chen TH, Guo C, Zhao X, Yao Y, Boström KI, Wong MN, Tintut Y, Demer LL, Ho CM, Garfinkel A. Patterns of periodic holes created by increased cell motility. Interface Focus. 2012 Aug 06; 2(4):457-64. PMID: 22649581; PMCID: PMC3363038.
    20. Boström KI, Garfinkel A, Yao Y, Jumabay M. Concise review: applying stem cell biology to vascular structures. Stem Cells. 2012 Mar; 30(3):386-91. PMID: 22232064; PMCID: PMC3592494.
    21. Musienko P, Courtine G, Tibbs JE, Kilimnik V, Savochin A, Garfinkel A, Roy RR, Edgerton VR, Gerasimenko Y. Somatosensory control of balance during locomotion in decerebrated cat. J Neurophysiol. 2012 Apr; 107(8):2072-82. PMID: 22236709; PMCID: PMC3331606.
    22. Chen TH, Hsu JJ, Zhao X, Guo C, Wong MN, Huang Y, Li Z, Garfinkel A, Ho CM, Tintut Y, Demer LL. Left-right symmetry breaking in tissue morphogenesis via cytoskeletal mechanics. Circ Res. 2012 Feb 17; 110(4):551-9. PMID: 22223355; PMCID: PMC3288887.
    23. Gahm JK, Wisniewski N, Kindlmann G, Kung GL, Klug WS, Garfinkel A, Ennis DB. Linear invariant tensor interpolation applied to cardiac diffusion tensor MRI. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2012; 15(Pt 2):494-501. PMID: 23286085; PMCID: PMC4539150.
    24. Nguyen TP, Xie Y, Garfinkel A, Qu Z, Weiss JN. Arrhythmogenic consequences of myofibroblast-myocyte coupling. Cardiovasc Res. 2012 Feb 01; 93(2):242-51. PMID: 22049532; PMCID: PMC3258652.
    25. Madhvani RV, Xie Y, Pantazis A, Garfinkel A, Qu Z, Weiss JN, Olcese R. Shaping a new Ca²? conductance to suppress early afterdepolarizations in cardiac myocytes. J Physiol. 2011 Dec 15; 589(Pt 24):6081-92. PMID: 22025660; PMCID: PMC3286687.
    26. Chang MG, Sato D, de Lange E, Lee JH, Karagueuzian HS, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN, Qu Z. Bi-stable wave propagation and early afterdepolarization-mediated cardiac arrhythmias. Heart Rhythm. 2012 Jan; 9(1):115-22. PMID: 21855520; PMCID: PMC3246094.
    27. Qu Z, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN, Nivala M. Multi-scale modeling in biology: how to bridge the gaps between scales? Prog Biophys Mol Biol. 2011 Oct; 107(1):21-31. PMID: 21704063; PMCID: PMC3190585.
    28. Weiss JN, Nivala M, Garfinkel A, Qu Z. Alternans and arrhythmias: from cell to heart. Circ Res. 2011 Jan 07; 108(1):98-112. PMID: 21212392; PMCID: PMC3076605.
    29. Qu Z, Xie Y, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN. T-wave alternans and arrhythmogenesis in cardiac diseases. Front Physiol. 2010; 1:154. PMID: 21286254; PMCID: PMC3028203.
    30. Baher AA, Uy M, Xie F, Garfinkel A, Qu Z, Weiss JN. Bidirectional ventricular tachycardia: ping pong in the His-Purkinje system. Heart Rhythm. 2011 Apr; 8(4):599-605. PMID: 21118730; PMCID: PMC3066157.
    31. Weiss JN, Garfinkel A, Karagueuzian HS, Chen PS, Qu Z. Early afterdepolarizations and cardiac arrhythmias. Heart Rhythm. 2010 Dec; 7(12):1891-9. PMID: 20868774; PMCID: PMC3005298.
    32. Xie Y, Sato D, Garfinkel A, Qu Z, Weiss JN. So little source, so much sink: requirements for afterdepolarizations to propagate in tissue. Biophys J. 2010 Sep 08; 99(5):1408-15. PMID: 20816052; PMCID: PMC2931729.
    33. Rovetti R, Cui X, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN, Qu Z. Spark-induced sparks as a mechanism of intracellular calcium alternans in cardiac myocytes. Circ Res. 2010 May 28; 106(10):1582-91. PMID: 20378857; PMCID: PMC2893409.
    34. Morita N, Sovari AA, Xie Y, Fishbein MC, Mandel WJ, Garfinkel A, Lin SF, Chen PS, Xie LH, Chen F, Qu Z, Weiss JN, Karagueuzian HS. Increased susceptibility of aged hearts to ventricular fibrillation during oxidative stress. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2009 Nov; 297(5):H1594-605. PMID: 19767530; PMCID: PMC2781379.
    35. Xie Y, Garfinkel A, Camelliti P, Kohl P, Weiss JN, Qu Z. Effects of fibroblast-myocyte coupling on cardiac conduction and vulnerability to reentry: A computational study. Heart Rhythm. 2009 Nov; 6(11):1641-9. PMID: 19879544; PMCID: PMC3013501.
    36. Sato D, Xie Y, Weiss JN, Qu Z, Garfinkel A, Sanderson AR. Acceleration of cardiac tissue simulation with graphic processing units. Med Biol Eng Comput. 2009 Sep; 47(9):1011-5. PMID: 19655187; PMCID: PMC2734265.
    37. Cui X, Rovetti RJ, Yang L, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN, Qu Z. Period-doubling bifurcation in an array of coupled stochastically excitable elements subjected to global periodic forcing. Phys Rev Lett. 2009 Jul 24; 103(4):044102. PMID: 19659359; PMCID: PMC2761886.
    38. Tran DX, Sato D, Yochelis A, Weiss JN, Garfinkel A, Qu Z. Bifurcation and chaos in a model of cardiac early afterdepolarizations. Phys Rev Lett. 2009 Jun 26; 102(25):258103. PMID: 19659123; PMCID: PMC2726623.
    39. Xie Y, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN, Qu Z. Cardiac alternans induced by fibroblast-myocyte coupling: mechanistic insights from computational models. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2009 Aug; 297(2):H775-84. PMID: 19482965; PMCID: PMC2724208.
    40. Sage A, Tintut Y, Garfinkel A, Demer L. Systems biology of vascular calcification. Trends Cardiovasc Med. 2009 May; 19(4):118-23. PMID: 19818947; PMCID: PMC2824648.
    41. Sato D, Xie LH, Sovari AA, Tran DX, Morita N, Xie F, Karagueuzian H, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN, Qu Z. Synchronization of chaotic early afterdepolarizations in the genesis of cardiac arrhythmias. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Mar 03; 106(9):2983-8. PMID: 19218447; PMCID: PMC2651322.
    42. Xie LH, Sato D, Garfinkel A, Qu Z, Weiss JN. Intracellular Ca alternans: coordinated regulation by sarcoplasmic reticulum release, uptake, and leak. Biophys J. 2008 Sep 15; 95(6):3100-10. PMID: 18539635; PMCID: PMC2527258.
    43. Roy RR, Pierotti DJ, Garfinkel A, Zhong H, Baldwin KM, Edgerton VR. Persistence of motor unit and muscle fiber types in the presence of inactivity. J Exp Biol. 2008 Apr; 211(Pt 7):1041-9. PMID: 18344477; PMCID: PMC2898736.
    44. Yochelis A, Garfinkel A. Front motion and localized states in an asymmetric bistable activator-inhibitor system with saturation. Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2008 Mar; 77(3 Pt 2):035204. PMID: 18517451.
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    45. Mahajan A, Sato D, Shiferaw Y, Baher A, Xie LH, Peralta R, Olcese R, Garfinkel A, Qu Z, Weiss JN. Modifying L-type calcium current kinetics: consequences for cardiac excitation and arrhythmia dynamics. Biophys J. 2008 Jan 15; 94(2):411-23. PMID: 18160661; PMCID: PMC2157257.
    46. Mahajan A, Shiferaw Y, Sato D, Baher A, Olcese R, Xie LH, Yang MJ, Chen PS, Restrepo JG, Karma A, Garfinkel A, Qu Z, Weiss JN. A rabbit ventricular action potential model replicating cardiac dynamics at rapid heart rates. Biophys J. 2008 Jan 15; 94(2):392-410. PMID: 18160660; PMCID: PMC2157228.
    47. Tran DX, Yang MJ, Weiss JN, Garfinkel A, Qu Z. Vulnerability to re-entry in simulated two-dimensional cardiac tissue: effects of electrical restitution and stimulation sequence. Chaos. 2007 Dec; 17(4):043115. PMID: 18163779.
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    48. Rovetti R, Das KK, Garfinkel A, Shiferaw Y. Macroscopic consequences of calcium signaling in microdomains: a first-passage-time approach. Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2007 Nov; 76(5 Pt 1):051920. PMID: 18233700.
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    49. Chantawansri C, Huynh N, Yamanaka J, Garfinkel A, Lamp ST, Inoue M, Bridge JH, Goldhaber JI. Effect of metabolic inhibition on couplon behavior in rabbit ventricular myocytes. Biophys J. 2008 Mar 01; 94(5):1656-66. PMID: 18024504; PMCID: PMC2242765.
    50. Garfinkel A. Eight (or more) kinds of alternans. J Electrocardiol. 2007 Nov-Dec; 40(6 Suppl):S70-4. PMID: 17993333; PMCID: PMC2214836.
    51. Lellouche N, Buch E, Celigoj A, Siegerman C, Cesario D, De Diego C, Mahajan A, Boyle NG, Wiener I, Garfinkel A, Shivkumar K. Functional characterization of atrial electrograms in sinus rhythm delineates sites of parasympathetic innervation in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007 Oct 02; 50(14):1324-31. PMID: 17903630.
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    52. Xie Y, Hu G, Sato D, Weiss JN, Garfinkel A, Qu Z. Dispersion of refractoriness and induction of reentry due to chaos synchronization in a model of cardiac tissue. Phys Rev Lett. 2007 Sep 14; 99(11):118101. PMID: 17930473.
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    53. Yao Y, Nowak S, Yochelis A, Garfinkel A, Boström KI. Matrix GLA protein, an inhibitory morphogen in pulmonary vascular development. J Biol Chem. 2007 Oct 12; 282(41):30131-42. PMID: 17670744.
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    54. Ogawa M, Kumagai K, Vakulenko M, Yasuda T, Siegerman C, Garfinkel A, Chen PS, Saku K. Reduction of P-wave duration and successful pulmonary vein isolation in patients with atrial fibrillation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2007 Sep; 18(9):931-8. PMID: 17655679.
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    55. Yang MJ, Tran DX, Weiss JN, Garfinkel A, Qu Z. The pinwheel experiment revisited: effects of cellular electrophysiological properties on vulnerability to cardiac reentry. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2007 Sep; 293(3):H1781-90. PMID: 17586622.
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    56. Gong Y, Xie F, Stein KM, Garfinkel A, Culianu CA, Lerman BB, Christini DJ. Mechanism underlying initiation of paroxysmal atrial flutter/atrial fibrillation by ectopic foci: a simulation study. Circulation. 2007 Apr 24; 115(16):2094-102. PMID: 17420354.
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    57. Sato D, Shiferaw Y, Qu Z, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN, Karma A. Inferring the cellular origin of voltage and calcium alternans from the spatial scales of phase reversal during discordant alternans. Biophys J. 2007 Feb 15; 92(4):L33-5. PMID: 17172300; PMCID: PMC1783870.
    58. Hayashi H, Shiferaw Y, Sato D, Nihei M, Lin SF, Chen PS, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN, Qu Z. Dynamic origin of spatially discordant alternans in cardiac tissue. Biophys J. 2007 Jan 15; 92(2):448-60. PMID: 17071663; PMCID: PMC1751420.
    59. Shiferaw Y, Qu Z, Garfinkel A, Karma A, Weiss JN. Nonlinear dynamics of paced cardiac cells. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006 Oct; 1080:376-94. PMID: 17132796.
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    60. Pott C, Ren X, Tran DX, Yang MJ, Henderson S, Jordan MC, Roos KP, Garfinkel A, Philipson KD, Goldhaber JI. Mechanism of shortened action potential duration in Na+-Ca2+ exchanger knockout mice. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2007 Feb; 292(2):C968-73. PMID: 16943244.
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    61. Sato D, Shiferaw Y, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN, Qu Z, Karma A. Spatially discordant alternans in cardiac tissue: role of calcium cycling. Circ Res. 2006 Sep 01; 99(5):520-7. PMID: 16902177.
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    62. Baher A, Qu Z, Hayatdavoudi A, Lamp ST, Yang MJ, Xie F, Turner S, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN. Short-term cardiac memory and mother rotor fibrillation. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2007 Jan; 292(1):H180-9. PMID: 16891403.
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    63. Weiss JN, Karma A, Shiferaw Y, Chen PS, Garfinkel A, Qu Z. From pulsus to pulseless: the saga of cardiac alternans. Circ Res. 2006 May 26; 98(10):1244-53. PMID: 16728670.
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    64. Qu Z, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN. Vulnerable window for conduction block in a one-dimensional cable of cardiac cells, 2: multiple extrasystoles. Biophys J. 2006 Aug 01; 91(3):805-15. PMID: 16679366; PMCID: PMC1563773.
    65. Qu Z, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN. Vulnerable window for conduction block in a one-dimensional cable of cardiac cells, 1: single extrasystoles. Biophys J. 2006 Aug 01; 91(3):793-804. PMID: 16679367; PMCID: PMC1563756.
    66. Weiss JN, Qu Z, Chen PS, Lin SF, Karagueuzian HS, Hayashi H, Garfinkel A, Karma A. The dynamics of cardiac fibrillation. Circulation. 2005 Aug 23; 112(8):1232-40. PMID: 16116073.
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    67. Fukumoto GH, Lamp ST, Motter C, Bridge JH, Garfinkel A, Goldhaber JI. Metabolic inhibition alters subcellular calcium release patterns in rat ventricular myocytes: implications for defective excitation-contraction coupling during cardiac ischemia and failure. Circ Res. 2005 Mar 18; 96(5):551-7. PMID: 15718501.
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    68. Wu TJ, Lin SF, Baher A, Qu Z, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN, Ting CT, Chen PS. Mother rotors and the mechanisms of D600-induced type 2 ventricular fibrillation. Circulation. 2004 Oct 12; 110(15):2110-8. PMID: 15466637.
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    69. Garfinkel A, Tintut Y, Petrasek D, Boström K, Demer LL. Pattern formation by vascular mesenchymal cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Jun 22; 101(25):9247-50. PMID: 15197273; PMCID: PMC438961.
    70. Weiss JN, Chen PS, Wu TJ, Siegerman C, Garfinkel A. Ventricular fibrillation: new insights into mechanisms. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2004 May; 1015:122-32. PMID: 15201154.
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    71. Xie F, Qu Z, Yang J, Baher A, Weiss JN, Garfinkel A. A simulation study of the effects of cardiac anatomy in ventricular fibrillation. J Clin Invest. 2004 Mar; 113(5):686-93. PMID: 14991066; PMCID: PMC351312.
    72. Omichi C, Lamp ST, Lin SF, Yang J, Baher A, Zhou S, Attin M, Lee MH, Karagueuzian HS, Kogan B, Qu Z, Garfinkel A, Chen PS, Weiss JN. Intracellular Ca dynamics in ventricular fibrillation. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2004 May; 286(5):H1836-44. PMID: 14704235.
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    73. Yang J, Garfinkel A. Destruction of stable spiral waves in oscillatory media. Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2003 Dec; 68(6 Pt 2):066312. PMID: 14754320.
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    74. Qu Z, Karagueuzian HS, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN. Effects of Na(+) channel and cell coupling abnormalities on vulnerability to reentry: a simulation study. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2004 Apr; 286(4):H1310-21. PMID: 14630634.
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    75. Chen PS, Wu TJ, Ting CT, Karagueuzian HS, Garfinkel A, Lin SF, Weiss JN. A tale of two fibrillations. Circulation. 2003 Nov 11; 108(19):2298-303. PMID: 14609997.
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    76. Weiss JN, Garfinkel A, Chen PS. Novel approaches to identifying antiarrhythmic drugs. Trends Cardiovasc Med. 2003 Nov; 13(8):326-30. PMID: 14596948.
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    77. Yang J, Xie F, Qu Z, Garfinkel A. Mechanism for spiral wave breakup in excitable and oscillatory media. Phys Rev Lett. 2003 Oct 03; 91(14):148302. PMID: 14611562.
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    78. Weiss JN, Chen PS, Qu Z, Karagueuzian HS, Lin SF, Garfinkel A, Karma A. Effects of the excitation-contraction uncouplers diamine monoxime (DAM) and cytochalasin D (CytoD) on induced arrhythmias in the rabbit ventricle. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2003 Mar; 14(3):331-2; author reply 332-4. PMID: 12716123.
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    79. Weiss JN, Qu Z, Garfinkel A. Understanding biological complexity: lessons from the past. FASEB J. 2003 Jan; 17(1):1-6. PMID: 12522106.
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    80. Xie F, Qu Z, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN. Electrical refractory period restitution and spiral wave reentry in simulated cardiac tissue. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2002 Jul; 283(1):H448-60. PMID: 12063320.
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    81. Swissa M, Qu Z, Ohara T, Lee MH, Lin SF, Garfinkel A, Karagueuzian HS, Weiss JN, Chen PS. Action potential duration restitution and ventricular fibrillation due to rapid focal excitation. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2002 May; 282(5):H1915-23. PMID: 11959659.
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    82. Omichi C, Zhou S, Lee MH, Naik A, Chang CM, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN, Lin SF, Karagueuzian HS, Chen PS. Effects of amiodarone on wave front dynamics during ventricular fibrillation in isolated swine right ventricle. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2002 Mar; 282(3):H1063-70. PMID: 11834505.
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    83. Weiss JN, Chen PS, Qu Z, Karagueuzian HS, Lin SF, Garfinkel A. Electrical restitution and cardiac fibrillation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2002 Mar; 13(3):292-5. PMID: 11942602.
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    84. Valderrábano M, Yang J, Omichi C, Kil J, Lamp ST, Qu Z, Lin SF, Karagueuzian HS, Garfinkel A, Chen PS, Weiss JN. Frequency analysis of ventricular fibrillation in Swine ventricles. Circ Res. 2002 Feb 08; 90(2):213-22. PMID: 11834715.
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    85. Garfinkel A, Kim YH, Voroshilovsky O, Qu Z, Kil JR, Lee MH, Karagueuzian HS, Weiss JN, Chen PS. Preventing ventricular fibrillation by flattening cardiac restitution. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 May 23; 97(11):6061-6. PMID: 10811880; PMCID: PMC18558.
    86. Chen PS, Garfinkel A, Weiss JN, Karagueuzian HS. Computerized mapping of fibrillation in normal ventricular myocardium. Chaos. 1998 Mar; 8(1):127-136. PMID: 12779716.
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