Gee Gilbert C.

Title(s)Associate Professor, Community Health Sciences
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    Title(s)Associate Professor, Health Equity

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    1. Seaton EK, Gee GC, Neblett E, Spanierman L. New directions for racial discrimination research as inspired by the integrative model. Am Psychol. 2018 Sep; 73(6):768-780. PMID: 30188165.
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    2. Gee GC, de Castro AB, Crespi CM, Wang MC, Llave K, Brindle E, Lee NR, Kabamalan MMM, Hing AK. Health of Philippine Emigrants Study (HoPES): study design and rationale. BMC Public Health. 2018 Jun 20; 18(1):771. PMID: 29925337.
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    3. Otiniano Verissimo AD, Dyer TP, Friedman SR, Gee GC. Discrimination and sexual risk among Caribbean Latinx young adults. Ethn Health. 2018 Mar 02; 1-14. PMID: 29495893.
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    4. Walsemann KM, Ro A, Gee GC. Trends in food insecurity among California residents from 2001 to 2011: Inequities at the intersection of immigration status and ethnicity. Prev Med. 2017 Dec; 105:142-148. PMID: 28911952.
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    5. Li LW, Gee GC, Dong X. Association of Self-Reported Discrimination and Suicide Ideation in Older Chinese Americans. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2018 01; 26(1):42-51. PMID: 28917505.
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    6. Morey BN, Gee GC, Muennig P, Hatzenbuehler ML. Community-level prejudice and mortality among immigrant groups. Soc Sci Med. 2018 02; 199:56-66. PMID: 28438421.
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    7. Seaton EK, Quintana S, Verkuyten M, Gee GC. Peers, Policies, and Place: The Relation Between Context and Ethnic/Racial Identity. Child Dev. 2017 05; 88(3):683-692. PMID: 28339101.
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    8. Beymer MR, Weiss RE, Sugar CA, Bourque LB, Gee GC, Morisky DE, Shu SB, Javanbakht M, Bolan RK. Are Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Guidelines for Preexposure Prophylaxis Specific Enough? Formulation of a Personalized HIV Risk Score for Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Initiation. Sex Transm Dis. 2017 01; 44(1):48-56. PMID: 27898570.
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    9. Ro A, Geronimus A, Bound J, Griffith D, Gee G. Educational gradients in five Asian immigrant populations: Do country of origin, duration and generational status moderate the education-health relationship? Prev Med Rep. 2016 Dec; 4:338-43. PMID: 27486564.
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    10. Cook MC, Morisky DE, Williams JK, Ford CL, Gee GC. Sexual Risk Behaviors and Substance Use Among Men Sexually Victimized by Women. Am J Public Health. 2016 07; 106(7):1263-9. PMID: 27077345.
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    11. Wong CK, Horn-Ross PL, Gee GC, Shariff-Marco S, Quach T, Allen L, Bautista R, La Chica PQ, Tseng W, Chang P, Clarke CA, Yang J, Le GM, Canchola A, Irwin ML, Lee SS, Gomez SL. Strategies for recruiting representative samples of Asian Americans for a population-based case-control study. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2016 10; 70(10):974-82. PMID: 27053683.
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    12. de Castro AB, Gee G, Fujishiro K, Rue T. Examining Pre-migration Health Among Filipino Nurses. J Immigr Minor Health. 2015 Dec; 17(6):1670-8. PMID: 25385090; PMCID: PMC4427529 [Available on 12/01/16].
    13. Paradies Y, Ben J, Denson N, Elias A, Priest N, Pieterse A, Gupta A, Kelaher M, Gee G. Racism as a Determinant of Health: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. PLoS One. 2015; 10(9):e0138511. PMID: 26398658.
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    14. Walsemann KM, Ailshire JA, Gee GC. Student loans and racial disparities in self-reported sleep duration: evidence from a nationally representative sample of US young adults. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2016 Jan; 70(1):42-8. PMID: 26254292.
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    15. Gee GC, de Castro AB, Wang MC, Crespi CM, Morey BN, Fujishiro K. Feasibility of conducting a longitudinal, transnational study of filipino migrants to the United States: a dual-cohort design. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2015 May; 26(2):488-504. PMID: 25913346.
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    16. Ro A, Geronimus A, Bound J, Griffith D, Gee G. Cohort and duration patterns among Asian immigrants: comparing trends in obesity and self-rated health. Biodemography Soc Biol. 2015; 61(1):65-80. PMID: 25879262.
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    17. Crespi CM, Wang MC, Seto E, Mare R, Gee G. Associations of family and neighborhood socioeconomic characteristics with longitudinal adiposity patterns in a biracial cohort of adolescent girls. Biodemography Soc Biol. 2015; 61(1):81-97. PMID: 25879263; PMCID: PMC4400869.
    18. Johnson TP, Shariff-Marco S, Willis G, Cho YI, Breen N, Gee GC, Krieger N, Grant D, Alegria M, Mays VM, Williams DR, Landrine H, Liu B, Reeve BB, Takeuchi D, Ponce NA. Sources of Interactional Problems in a Survey of Racial/Ethnic Discrimination. Int J Public Opin Res. 2015; 27(2):244-263. PMID: 26166949.
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    19. Walsemann KM, Gee GC, Gentile D. Sick of our loans: Student borrowing and the mental health of young adults in the United States. Soc Sci Med. 2015 Jan; 124:85-93. PMID: 25461865.
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    20. Otiniano Verissimo AD, Grella CE, Amaro H, Gee GC. Discrimination and substance use disorders among Latinos: the role of gender, nativity, and ethnicity. Am J Public Health. 2014 Aug; 104(8):1421-8. PMID: 24922159; PMCID: PMC4096319.
    21. Otiniano Verissimo AD, Gee GC, Ford CL, Iguchi MY. Racial discrimination, gender discrimination, and substance abuse among Latina/os nationwide. Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol. 2014 Jan; 20(1):43-51. PMID: 24491127; PMCID: PMC4060885.
    22. Tsui J, Rodriguez HP, Gee GC, Escobedo LA, Kominski GF, Bastani R. Are HPV vaccination services accessible to high-risk communities? A spatial analysis of HPV-associated cancer and Chlamydia rates and safety-net clinics. Cancer Causes Control. 2013 Dec; 24(12):2089-98. PMID: 24043448; PMCID: PMC3842032.
    23. Tsui J, Gee GC, Rodriguez HP, Kominski GF, Glenn BA, Singhal R, Bastani R. Exploring the role of neighborhood socio-demographic factors on HPV vaccine initiation among low-income, ethnic minority girls. J Immigr Minor Health. 2013 Aug; 15(4):732-40. PMID: 23081659; PMCID: PMC3572269.
    24. Otiniano Verissimo AD, Gee GC, Iguchi MY, Ford CL, Friedman SR. Discrimination, drugs, and alcohol among Latina/os in Brooklyn, New York: differences by gender. Int J Drug Policy. 2013 Jul; 24(4):367-73. PMID: 23481289; PMCID: PMC3720715.
    25. Tsui J, Singhal R, Rodriguez HP, Gee GC, Glenn BA, Bastani R. Proximity to safety-net clinics and HPV vaccine uptake among low-income, ethnic minority girls. Vaccine. 2013 Apr 12; 31(16):2028-34. PMID: 23474310; PMCID: PMC3629820.
    26. Hicken MT, Gee GC, Morenoff J, Connell CM, Snow RC, Hu H. A novel look at racial health disparities: the interaction between social disadvantage and environmental health. Am J Public Health. 2012 Dec; 102(12):2344-51. PMID: 23078461; PMCID: PMC3519308.
    27. Takeuchi DT, Gong F, Gee G. The NLAAS Story: Some Reflections, Some Insights A commentary prepared for the special issue of the Asian American Journal of Psychology. Asian Am J Psychol. 2012 Jun 01; 3(2). PMID: 24307929.
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    28. Otiniano AD, Gee GC. Self-reported discrimination and health-related quality of life among Whites, Blacks, Mexicans and Central Americans. J Immigr Minor Health. 2012 Apr; 14(2):189-97. PMID: 21562787.
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    29. Gee GC, Walsemann KM, Brondolo E. A life course perspective on how racism may be related to health inequities. Am J Public Health. 2012 May; 102(5):967-74. PMID: 22420802.
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    30. Sangalang CC, Gee GC. Depression and anxiety among Asian Americans: the effects of social support and strain. Soc Work. 2012 Jan; 57(1):49-60. PMID: 22768628.
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    31. Muennig P, Song X, Payne-Sturges DC, Gee GC. Blood and urine levels of long half-life toxicants by nativity among immigrants to the United States. Sci Total Environ. 2011 Dec 15; 412-413:109-13. PMID: 22088424.
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    32. Reeve BB, Willis G, Shariff-Marco SN, Breen N, Williams DR, Gee GC, Alegría M, Takeuchi DT, Kudela MS, Levin KY. Comparing Cognitive Interviewing and Psychometric Methods to Evaluate a Racial/Ethnic Discrimination Scale. Field methods. 2011 Nov; 23(4):397-419. PMID: 29887759.
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    33. Shariff-Marco S, Breen N, Landrine H, Reeve BB, Krieger N, Gee GC, Williams DR, Mays VM, Ponce NA, Alegría M, Liu B, Willis G, Johnson TP. MEASURING EVERYDAY RACIAL/ETHNIC DISCRIMINATION IN HEALTH SURVEYS: How Best to Ask the Questions, in One or Two Stages, Across Multiple Racial/Ethnic Groups? Du Bois Rev. 2011; 8(1):159-177. PMID: 29354187.
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    34. Gee GC, Ford CL. STRUCTURAL RACISM AND HEALTH INEQUITIES: Old Issues, New Directions. Du Bois Rev. 2011 Apr; 8(1):115-132. PMID: 25632292.
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    35. Fujishiro K, Gee GC, de Castro AB. Associations of workplace aggression with work-related well-being among nurses in the Philippines. Am J Public Health. 2011 May; 101(5):861-7. PMID: 21088262; PMCID: PMC3076410.
    36. de Castro AB, Gee GC, Takeuchi DT. Examining alternative measures of social disadvantage among Asian Americans: the relevance of economic opportunity, subjective social status, and financial strain for health. J Immigr Minor Health. 2010 Oct; 12(5):659-71. PMID: 19434494; PMCID: PMC2891922.
    37. Yoo HC, Gee GC, Lowthrop CK, Robertson J. Self-reported racial discrimination and substance use among Asian Americans in Arizona. J Immigr Minor Health. 2010 Oct; 12(5):683-90. PMID: 20012204.
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    38. Bauermeister JA, Zimmerman MA, Caldwell CH, Xue Y, Gee GC. What predicts sex partners' age differences among African American youth? A longitudinal study from adolescence to young adulthood. J Sex Res. 2010 Jul; 47(4):330-44. PMID: 19517294; PMCID: PMC2888807.
    39. Spencer MS, Chen J, Gee GC, Fabian CG, Takeuchi DT. Discrimination and mental health-related service use in a national study of Asian Americans. Am J Public Health. 2010 Dec; 100(12):2410-7. PMID: 20299649; PMCID: PMC2978178.
    40. Gee GC, Ponce N. Associations between racial discrimination, limited English proficiency, and health-related quality of life among 6 Asian ethnic groups in California. Am J Public Health. 2010 May; 100(5):888-95. PMID: 20299644; PMCID: PMC2853608.
    41. de Castro AB, Garcia G, Gee GC, Tsai JH, Rue T, Takeuchi DT. Smoking and the Asian American workforce in the National Latino and Asian American Study. Am J Ind Med. 2010 Feb; 53(2):171-8. PMID: 19347902; PMCID: PMC2818057.
    42. Ta VM, Holck P, Gee GC. Generational status and family cohesion effects on the receipt of mental health services among Asian Americans: findings from the National Latino and Asian American Study. Am J Public Health. 2010 Jan; 100(1):115-21. PMID: 19910344; PMCID: PMC2791260.
    43. Chen J, Gee GC, Spencer MS, Danziger SH, Takeuchi DT. Perceived Social Standing among Asian Immigrants in the U.S.: Do Reasons for Immigration Matter? Soc Sci Res. 2009 Dec 01; 38(4):858-869. PMID: 20160989.
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    44. Gee GC, Ro A, Shariff-Marco S, Chae D. Racial discrimination and health among Asian Americans: evidence, assessment, and directions for future research. Epidemiol Rev. 2009; 31:130-51. PMID: 19805401; PMCID: PMC4933297.
    45. Gee GC, Walsemann KM, Takeuchi DT. English proficiency and language preference: testing the equivalence of two measures. Am J Public Health. 2010 Mar; 100(3):563-9. PMID: 19696376; PMCID: PMC2820064.
    46. Bauermeister JA, Zimmerman MA, Gee GC, Caldwell C, Xue Y. Work and sexual trajectories among African American youth. J Sex Res. 2009 Jul-Aug; 46(4):290-300. PMID: 19137477; PMCID: PMC2722943.
    47. de Castro AB, Cabrera SL, Gee GC, Fujishiro K, Tagalog EA. Occupational health and safety issues among nurses in the Philippines. AAOHN J. 2009 Apr; 57(4):149-57. PMID: 19438081; PMCID: PMC2797477.
    48. Gee G, Walsemann K. Does health predict the reporting of racial discrimination or do reports of discrimination predict health? Findings from the National Longitudinal Study of Youth. Soc Sci Med. 2009 May; 68(9):1676-84. PMID: 19289253.
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    49. Walsemann KM, Gee GC, Geronimus AT. Ethnic differences in trajectories of depressive symptoms: disadvantage in family background, high school experiences, and adult characteristics. J Health Soc Behav. 2009 Mar; 50(1):82-98. PMID: 19413136; PMCID: PMC2761954.
    50. Shariff-Marco S, Gee GC, Breen N, Willis G, Reeve BB, Grant D, Ponce NA, Krieger N, Landrine H, Williams DR, Alegria M, Mays VM, Johnson TP, Brown ER. A mixed-methods approach to developing a self-reported racial/ethnic discrimination measure for use in multiethnic health surveys. Ethn Dis. 2009; 19(4):447-53. PMID: 20073147; PMCID: PMC3474598.
    51. Yoo HC, Gee GC, Takeuchi D. Discrimination and health among Asian American immigrants: disentangling racial from language discrimination. Soc Sci Med. 2009 Feb; 68(4):726-32. PMID: 19095340; PMCID: PMC3897711.
    52. de Castro AB, Gee GC, Takeuchi DT. Job-related stress and chronic health conditions among Filipino immigrants. J Immigr Minor Health. 2008 Dec; 10(6):551-8. PMID: 18373275; PMCID: PMC2797443.
    53. Gee GC. A multilevel analysis of the relationship between institutional and individual racial discrimination and health status. Am J Public Health. 2008 Sep; 98(9 Suppl):S48-56. PMID: 18687618; PMCID: PMC2518571.
    54. Bauermeister JA, Zimmerman M, Xue Y, Gee GC, Caldwell CH. Working, sex partner age differences, and sexual behavior among African American youth. Arch Sex Behav. 2009 Oct; 38(5):802-13. PMID: 18574686; PMCID: PMC2745502.
    55. Yip T, Gee GC, Takeuchi DT. Racial discrimination and psychological distress: the impact of ethnic identity and age among immigrant and United States-born Asian adults. Dev Psychol. 2008 May; 44(3):787-800. PMID: 18473644; PMCID: PMC2735246.
    56. Asakura T, Gee GC, Nakayama K, Niwa S. Returning to the "homeland": work-related ethnic discrimination and the health of Japanese Brazilians in Japan. Am J Public Health. 2008 Apr; 98(4):743-50. PMID: 18309126; PMCID: PMC2377005.
    57. Ryan AM, Gee GC, Griffith D. The effects of perceived discrimination on diabetes management. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2008 Feb; 19(1):149-63. PMID: 18263991.
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    58. de Castro AB, Gee GC, Takeuchi DT. Workplace discrimination and health among Filipinos in the United States. Am J Public Health. 2008 Mar; 98(3):520-6. PMID: 18235069; PMCID: PMC2253563.
    59. Gee GC, Ro A, Gavin A, Takeuchi DT. Disentangling the effects of racial and weight discrimination on body mass index and obesity among Asian Americans. Am J Public Health. 2008 Mar; 98(3):493-500. PMID: 18235065; PMCID: PMC2253588.
    60. de Castro AB, Gee GC, Takeuchi D. Relationship between job dissatisfaction and physical and psychological health among Filipino immigrants. AAOHN J. 2008 Jan; 56(1):33-40. PMID: 18293598; PMCID: PMC3042893.
    61. Kruger DJ, Reischl TM, Gee GC. Neighborhood social conditions mediate the association between physical deterioration and mental health. Am J Community Psychol. 2007 Dec; 40(3-4):261-71. PMID: 17924185.
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    62. Gee GC, Spencer MS, Chen J, Takeuchi D. A nationwide study of discrimination and chronic health conditions among Asian Americans. Am J Public Health. 2007 Jul; 97(7):1275-82. PMID: 17538055; PMCID: PMC1913081.
    63. Gee GC, Spencer M, Chen J, Yip T, Takeuchi DT. The association between self-reported racial discrimination and 12-month DSM-IV mental disorders among Asian Americans nationwide. Soc Sci Med. 2007 May; 64(10):1984-96. PMID: 17374553; PMCID: PMC2577289.
    64. Takeuchi DT, Zane N, Hong S, Chae DH, Gong F, Gee GC, Walton E, Sue S, Alegría M. Immigration-related factors and mental disorders among Asian Americans. Am J Public Health. 2007 Jan; 97(1):84-90. PMID: 17138908; PMCID: PMC1716230.
    65. Gee GC, Ryan A, Laflamme DJ, Holt J. Self-reported discrimination and mental health status among African descendants, Mexican Americans, and other Latinos in the New Hampshire REACH 2010 Initiative: the added dimension of immigration. Am J Public Health. 2006 Oct; 96(10):1821-8. PMID: 17008579; PMCID: PMC1586129.
    66. Payne-Sturges D, Gee GC. National environmental health measures for minority and low-income populations: tracking social disparities in environmental health. Environ Res. 2006 Oct; 102(2):154-71. PMID: 16875687.
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    67. Gee GC, Delva J, Takeuchi DT. Relationships between self-reported unfair treatment and prescription medication use, illicit drug use, and alcohol dependence among Filipino Americans. Am J Public Health. 2007 May; 97(5):933-40. PMID: 16809581; PMCID: PMC1854877.
    68. Ryan AM, Gee GC, Laflamme DF. The Association between self-reported discrimination, physical health and blood pressure: findings from African Americans, Black immigrants, and Latino immigrants in New Hampshire. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2006 May; 17(2 Suppl):116-32. PMID: 16809879.
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    69. Gee GC, Chen J, Spencer MS, See S, Kuester OA, Tran D, Takeuchi D. Social support as a buffer for perceived unfair treatment among Filipino Americans: differences between San Francisco and Honolulu. Am J Public Health. 2006 Apr; 96(4):677-84. PMID: 16507727; PMCID: PMC1470535.
    70. Gee GC, Payne-Sturges DC. Environmental health disparities: a framework integrating psychosocial and environmental concepts. Environ Health Perspect. 2004 Dec; 112(17):1645-53. PMID: 15579407.
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    71. Gee GC, Takeuchi DT. Traffic stress, vehicular burden and well-being: a multilevel analysis. Soc Sci Med. 2004 Jul; 59(2):405-14. PMID: 15110429.
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    72. Gee GC. A multilevel analysis of the relationship between institutional and individual racial discrimination and health status. Am J Public Health. 2002 Apr; 92(4):615-23. PMID: 11919062; PMCID: PMC1447127.