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Targan Stephan R

Title(s)Director, Division of Gastrointestinal and Inflammatory Bowel Disease
SchoolCedar-Sinai Medical Center
Phone310-423-7723
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    Other Positions
    Title(s)Director, Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center and Immunobiology Research institute

    Title(s)Professor, Medicine


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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Rivas MA, Avila BE, Koskela J, Huang H, Stevens C, Pirinen M, Haritunians T, Neale BM, Kurki M, Ganna A, Graham D, Glaser B, Peter I, Atzmon G, Barzilai N, Levine AP, Schiff E, Pontikos N, Weisburd B, Lek M, Karczewski KJ, Bloom J, Minikel EV, Petersen BS, Beaugerie L, Seksik P, Cosnes J, Schreiber S, Bokemeyer B, Bethge J, Heap G, Ahmad T, Plagnol V, Segal AW, Targan S, Turner D, Saavalainen P, Farkkila M, Kontula K, Palotie A, Brant SR, Duerr RH, Silverberg MS, Rioux JD, Weersma RK, Franke A, Jostins L, Anderson CA, Barrett JC, MacArthur DG, Jalas C, Sokol H, Xavier RJ, Pulver A, Cho JH, McGovern DPB, Daly MJ. Correction: Insights into the genetic epidemiology of Crohn's and rare diseases in the Ashkenazi Jewish population. PLoS Genet. 2019 May; 15(5):e1008190. PMID: 31145742.
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    2. Potdar AA, Li D, Haritunians T, VanDussen KL, Fiorino MF, Liu TC, Stappenbeck TS, Fleshner P, Targan SR, McGovern DPB, Bilsborough J. Ileal Gene Expression Data from Crohn's Disease Small Bowel Resections Indicate Distinct Clinical Sub-Groups. J Crohns Colitis. 2019 Mar 16. PMID: 30877309.
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    3. Limon JJ, Tang J, Li D, Wolf AJ, Michelsen KS, Funari V, Gargus M, Nguyen C, Sharma P, Maymi VI, Iliev ID, Skalski JH, Brown J, Landers C, Borneman J, Braun J, Targan SR, McGovern DPB, Underhill DM. Malassezia Is Associated with Crohn's Disease and Exacerbates Colitis in Mouse Models. Cell Host Microbe. 2019 Mar 13; 25(3):377-388.e6. PMID: 30850233.
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    4. Grootjans J, Krupka N, Hosomi S, Matute JD, Hanley T, Saveljeva S, Gensollen T, Heijmans J, Li H, Limenitakis JP, Ganal-Vonarburg SC, Suo S, Luoma AM, Shimodaira Y, Duan J, Shih DQ, Conner ME, Glickman JN, Fuhler GM, Palm NW, de Zoete MR, van der Woude CJ, Yuan GC, Wucherpfennig KW, Targan SR, Rosenstiel P, Flavell RA, McCoy KD, Macpherson AJ, Kaser A, Blumberg RS. Epithelial endoplasmic reticulum stress orchestrates a protective IgA response. Science. 2019 03 01; 363(6430):993-998. PMID: 30819965.
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    5. Tsuda M, Hamade H, Thomas LS, Salumbides BC, Potdar AA, Wong MH, Nunnelee JS, Stamps JT, Neutzsky-Wulff AV, Barrett RJ, Wang Y, Tang J, Funari VA, Targan SR, Michelsen KS. A role for BATF3 in TH9 differentiation and T-cell-driven mucosal pathologies. Mucosal Immunol. 2019 05; 12(3):644-655. PMID: 30617301.
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    6. Rolston VS, Patel AV, Learch TJ, Li D, Karayev D, Williams C, Siddanthi ML, Targan SR, Weisman MH, McGovern DPB. Prevalence and Associations of Avascular Necrosis of the Hip in a Large Well-characterized Cohort of Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease. J Clin Rheumatol. 2019 Jan; 25(1):45-49. PMID: 29794876.
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    7. Castellanos JG, Woo V, Viladomiu M, Putzel G, Lima S, Diehl GE, Marderstein AR, Gandara J, Perez AR, Withers DR, Targan SR, Shih DQ, Scherl EJ, Longman RS. Microbiota-Induced TNF-like Ligand 1A Drives Group 3 Innate Lymphoid Cell-Mediated Barrier Protection and Intestinal T Cell Activation during Colitis. Immunity. 2018 12 18; 49(6):1077-1089.e5. PMID: 30552020.
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    8. Lee CK, Melmed GY, Mann A, Danovitch I, Hedrick R, McGovern DPB, Targan S, Shih D, Vasiliauskas E, IsHak WW, Feldman E. A Multidisciplinary Approach to Biopsychosocial Care for Adults With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Pilot Study. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2018 Nov 29; 24(12):2550-2554. PMID: 29920581.
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    9. Li D, Haritunians T, Landers C, Potdar AA, Yang S, Huang H, Schumm LP, Daly M, Targan SR, McGovern DPB. Late-Onset Crohn's Disease Is A Subgroup Distinct in Genetic and Behavioral Risk Factors With UC-Like Characteristics. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2018 Oct 12; 24(11):2413-2422. PMID: 29860388.
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    10. Sands BE, Han C, Gasink C, Jacobstein D, Szapary P, Gao LL, Lang Y, Targan S, Sandborn WJ, Feagan BG. The Effects of Ustekinumab on Health-related Quality of Life in Patients With Moderate to Severe Crohn's Disease. J Crohns Colitis. 2018 Jul 30; 12(8):883-895. PMID: 29726939.
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    11. Jacob N, Jacobs JP, Kumagai K, Ha CWY, Kanazawa Y, Lagishetty V, Altmayer K, Hamill AM, Von Arx A, Sartor RB, Devkota S, Braun J, Michelsen KS, Targan SR, Shih DQ. Inflammation-independent TL1A-mediated intestinal fibrosis is dependent on the gut microbiome. Mucosal Immunol. 2018 09; 11(5):1466-1476. PMID: 29988118.
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    12. Rivas MA, Avila BE, Koskela J, Huang H, Stevens C, Pirinen M, Haritunians T, Neale BM, Kurki M, Ganna A, Graham D, Glaser B, Peter I, Atzmon G, Barzilai N, Levine AP, Schiff E, Pontikos N, Weisburd B, Lek M, Karczewski KJ, Bloom J, Minikel EV, Petersen BS, Beaugerie L, Seksik P, Cosnes J, Schreiber S, Bokemeyer B, Bethge J, Heap G, Ahmad T, Plagnol V, Segal AW, Targan S, Turner D, Saavalainen P, Farkkila M, Kontula K, Palotie A, Brant SR, Duerr RH, Silverberg MS, Rioux JD, Weersma RK, Franke A, Jostins L, Anderson CA, Barrett JC, MacArthur DG, Jalas C, Sokol H, Xavier RJ, Pulver A, Cho JH, McGovern DPB, Daly MJ. Insights into the genetic epidemiology of Crohn's and rare diseases in the Ashkenazi Jewish population. PLoS Genet. 2018 05; 14(5):e1007329. PMID: 29795570.
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    13. Clerc F, Novokmet M, Dotz V, Reiding KR, de Haan N, Kammeijer GSM, Dalebout H, Bladergroen MR, Vukovic F, Rapp E, Targan SR, Barron G, Manetti N, Latiano A, McGovern DPB, Annese V, Lauc G, Wuhrer M. Plasma N-Glycan Signatures Are Associated With Features of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. Gastroenterology. 2018 09; 155(3):829-843. PMID: 29792883.
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    14. Šimurina M, de Haan N, Vuckovic F, Kennedy NA, Štambuk J, Falck D, Trbojevic-Akmacic I, Clerc F, Razdorov G, Khon A, Latiano A, D'Incà R, Danese S, Targan S, Landers C, Dubinsky M, McGovern DPB, Annese V, Wuhrer M, Lauc G. Glycosylation of Immunoglobulin G Associates With Clinical Features of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. Gastroenterology. 2018 04; 154(5):1320-1333.e10. PMID: 29309774.
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    15. Gu P, Kapur A, Li D, Haritunians T, Vasiliauskas E, Shih DQ, Targan SR, Spiegel BM, Mcgovern DP, Black JT, Melmed GY. Serological, genetic and clinical associations with increased health-care resource utilization in inflammatory bowel disease. J Dig Dis. 2018 Jan; 19(1):15-23. PMID: 29251413.
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    16. Workman MJ, Gleeson JP, Troisi EJ, Estrada HQ, Kerns SJ, Hinojosa CD, Hamilton GA, Targan SR, Svendsen CN, Barrett RJ. Enhanced Utilization of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Human Intestinal Organoids Using Microengineered Chips. Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2018; 5(4):669-677.e2. PMID: 29930984.
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    17. Li H, Song J, Niu G, Zhang H, Guo J, Shih DQ, Targan SR, Zhang X. TL1A blocking ameliorates intestinal fibrosis in the T cell transfer model of chronic colitis in mice. Pathol Res Pract. 2018 Feb; 214(2):217-227. PMID: 29254800.
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    18. Yoon SM, Haritunians T, Chhina S, Liu Z, Yang S, Landers C, Li D, Ye BD, Shih D, Vasiliauskas EA, Ippoliti A, Rabizadeh S, Targan SR, Melmed GY, McGovern DPB. Colonic Phenotypes Are Associated with Poorer Response to Anti-TNF Therapies in Patients with IBD. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2017 08; 23(8):1382-1393. PMID: 28590340.
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    19. Gonsky R, Fleshner P, Deem RL, Biener-Ramanujan E, Li D, Potdar AA, Bilsborough J, Yang S, McGovern DPB, Targan SR. Association of Ribonuclease T2 Gene Polymorphisms With Decreased Expression and Clinical Characteristics of Severity in Crohn's Disease. Gastroenterology. 2017 07; 153(1):219-232. PMID: 28400196.
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    20. Zhang H, Zheng L, McGovern DP, Hamill AM, Ichikawa R, Kanazawa Y, Luu J, Kumagai K, Cilluffo M, Fukata M, Targan SR, Underhill DM, Zhang X, Shih DQ. Myeloid ATG16L1 Facilitates Host-Bacteria Interactions in Maintaining Intestinal Homeostasis. J Immunol. 2017 03 01; 198(5):2133-2146. PMID: 28130498.
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    21. Tschurtschenthaler M, Adolph TE, Ashcroft JW, Niederreiter L, Bharti R, Saveljeva S, Bhattacharyya J, Flak MB, Shih DQ, Fuhler GM, Parkes M, Kohno K, Iwawaki T, Janneke van der Woude C, Harding HP, Smith AM, Peppelenbosch MP, Targan SR, Ron D, Rosenstiel P, Blumberg RS, Kaser A. Defective ATG16L1-mediated removal of IRE1a drives Crohn's disease-like ileitis. J Exp Med. 2017 02; 214(2):401-422. PMID: 28082357.
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    22. Feagan BG, Sandborn WJ, Gasink C, Jacobstein D, Lang Y, Friedman JR, Blank MA, Johanns J, Gao LL, Miao Y, Adedokun OJ, Sands BE, Hanauer SB, Vermeire S, Targan S, Ghosh S, de Villiers WJ, Colombel JF, Tulassay Z, Seidler U, Salzberg BA, Desreumaux P, Lee SD, Loftus EV, Dieleman LA, Katz S, Rutgeerts P. Ustekinumab as Induction and Maintenance Therapy for Crohn's Disease. N Engl J Med. 2016 11 17; 375(20):1946-1960. PMID: 27959607.
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    23. Thomas LS, Targan SR, Tsuda M, Yu QT, Salumbides BC, Haritunians T, Mengesha E, McGovern DP, Michelsen KS. The TNF family member TL1A induces IL-22 secretion in committed human Th17 cells via IL-9 induction. J Leukoc Biol. 2017 03; 101(3):727-737. PMID: 27733581.
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    24. Brant SR, Okou DT, Simpson CL, Cutler DJ, Haritunians T, Bradfield JP, Chopra P, Prince J, Begum F, Kumar A, Huang C, Venkateswaran S, Datta LW, Wei Z, Thomas K, Herrinton LJ, Klapproth JA, Quiros AJ, Seminerio J, Liu Z, Alexander JS, Baldassano RN, Dudley-Brown S, Cross RK, Dassopoulos T, Denson LA, Dhere TA, Dryden GW, Hanson JS, Hou JK, Hussain SZ, Hyams JS, Isaacs KL, Kader H, Kappelman MD, Katz J, Kellermayer R, Kirschner BS, Kuemmerle JF, Kwon JH, Lazarev M, Li E, Mack D, Mannon P, Moulton DE, Newberry RD, Osuntokun BO, Patel AS, Saeed SA, Targan SR, Valentine JF, Wang MH, Zonca M, Rioux JD, Duerr RH, Silverberg MS, Cho JH, Hakonarson H, Zwick ME, McGovern DP, Kugathasan S. Genome-Wide Association Study Identifies African-Specific Susceptibility Loci in African Americans With Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Gastroenterology. 2017 01; 152(1):206-217.e2. PMID: 27693347.
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    25. Targan SR, Feagan B, Vermeire S, Panaccione R, Melmed GY, Landers C, Li D, Russell C, Newmark R, Zhang N, Chon Y, Hsu YH, Lin SL, Klekotka P. A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Phase 2 Study of Brodalumab in Patients With Moderate-to-Severe Crohn's Disease. Am J Gastroenterol. 2016 Nov; 111(11):1599-1607. PMID: 27481309.
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    26. Li D, Achkar JP, Haritunians T, Jacobs JP, Hui KY, D'Amato M, Brand S, Radford-Smith G, Halfvarson J, Niess JH, Kugathasan S, Büning C, Schumm LP, Klei L, Ananthakrishnan A, Aumais G, Baidoo L, Dubinsky M, Fiocchi C, Glas J, Milgrom R, Proctor DD, Regueiro M, Simms LA, Stempak JM, Targan SR, Törkvist L, Sharma Y, Devlin B, Borneman J, Hakonarson H, Xavier RJ, Daly M, Brant SR, Rioux JD, Silverberg MS, Cho JH, Braun J, McGovern DP, Duerr RH. A Pleiotropic Missense Variant in SLC39A8 Is Associated With Crohn's Disease and Human Gut Microbiome Composition. Gastroenterology. 2016 10; 151(4):724-32. PMID: 27492617.
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    27. Robbins L, Zaghiyan K, Melmed G, Vasiliauskas E, Ahmed S, McGovern D, Rabizadeh S, Singh N, Landers C, Ippoliti A, Shih D, Targan S, Fleshner P. Outcomes with Anti-Tumour Necrosis Factor-Alpha Therapy and Serology in Patients with Denovo Crohn's Disease After Ileal Pouch Anal Anastomosis. J Crohns Colitis. 2017 Jan; 11(1):77-83. PMID: 27466172.
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    28. Chuang LS, Villaverde N, Hui KY, Mortha A, Rahman A, Levine AP, Haritunians T, Evelyn Ng SM, Zhang W, Hsu NY, Facey JA, Luong T, Fernandez-Hernandez H, Li D, Rivas M, Schiff ER, Gusev A, Schumm LP, Bowen BM, Sharma Y, Ning K, Remark R, Gnjatic S, Legnani P, George J, Sands BE, Stempak JM, Datta LW, Lipka S, Katz S, Cheifetz AS, Barzilai N, Pontikos N, Abraham C, Dubinsky MJ, Targan S, Taylor K, Rotter JI, Scherl EJ, Desnick RJ, Abreu MT, Zhao H, Atzmon G, Pe'er I, Kugathasan S, Hakonarson H, McCauley JL, Lencz T, Darvasi A, Plagnol V, Silverberg MS, Muise AM, Brant SR, Daly MJ, Segal AW, Duerr RH, Merad M, McGovern DP, Peter I, Cho JH. A Frameshift in CSF2RB Predominant Among Ashkenazi Jews Increases Risk for Crohn's Disease and Reduces Monocyte Signaling via GM-CSF. Gastroenterology. 2016 10; 151(4):710-723.e2. PMID: 27377463.
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    29. Koh SZ, Zaghiyan KN, Li Q, Rabizadeh S, Melmed GY, Targan SR, Fleshner PR. Clinical Factors Associated with the Development of Crohn's Disease in Inflammatory Bowel Disease-unclassified Patients Undergoing Ileal Pouch-anal Anastomosis. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2016 06; 22(6):1397-402. PMID: 26978722.
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    30. Li D, Silverberg MS, Haritunians T, Dubinsky MC, Landers C, Stempak JM, Milgrom R, Guo X, Chen YD, Rotter JI, Taylor KD, McGovern DP, Targan SR. TNFRSF1B Is Associated with ANCA in IBD. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2016 06; 22(6):1346-52. PMID: 27104820.
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    31. Jacob N, Targan SR, Shih DQ. Cytokine and anti-cytokine therapies in prevention or treatment of fibrosis in IBD. United European Gastroenterol J. 2016 Aug; 4(4):531-40. PMID: 27536363; PMCID: PMC4971798.
    32. Chu H, Khosravi A, Kusumawardhani IP, Kwon AH, Vasconcelos AC, Cunha LD, Mayer AE, Shen Y, Wu WL, Kambal A, Targan SR, Xavier RJ, Ernst PB, Green DR, McGovern DP, Virgin HW, Mazmanian SK. Gene-microbiota interactions contribute to the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. Science. 2016 May 27; 352(6289):1116-20. PMID: 27230380.
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    33. Kaur M, Panikkath D, Yan X, Liu Z, Berel D, Li D, Vasiliauskas EA, Ippoliti A, Dubinsky M, Shih DQ, Melmed GY, Haritunians T, Fleshner P, Targan SR, McGovern DP. Perianal Crohn's Disease is Associated with Distal Colonic Disease, Stricturing Disease Behavior, IBD-Associated Serologies and Genetic Variation in the JAK-STAT Pathway. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2016 Apr; 22(4):862-9. PMID: 26937622.
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    34. Ahmed S, Melmed G, McGovern D, Robbins LA, Shih D, Vasiliauskas E, Singh N, Rabidzadeh S, Ippoliti A, Targan S, Fleshner P. Nonbloody Diarrhea but Not Significant Weight Loss at Diagnosis Is Associated with the Development of Denovo Crohn's Disease After Ileal Pouch-anal Anastomosis for Ulcerative Colitis. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2016 Mar; 22(3):654-61. PMID: 26595552.
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    35. Sidhu-Varma M, Shih DQ, Targan SR. Differential Levels of Tl1a Affect the Expansion and Function of Regulatory T Cells in Modulating Murine Colitis. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2016 Mar; 22(3):548-59. PMID: 26818423.
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    36. Taleban S, Li D, Targan SR, Ippoliti A, Brant SR, Cho JH, Duerr RH, Rioux JD, Silverberg MS, Vasiliauskas EA, Rotter JI, Haritunians T, Shih DQ, Dubinsky M, Melmed GY, McGovern DP. Ocular Manifestations in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Are Associated with Other Extra-intestinal Manifestations, Gender, and Genes Implicated in Other Immune-related Traits. J Crohns Colitis. 2016 Jan; 10(1):43-9. PMID: 26449790.
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    37. Taleban S, Van Oijen MG, Vasiliauskas EA, Fleshner PR, Shen B, Ippoliti AF, Targan SR, Melmed GY. Colectomy with Permanent End Ileostomy Is More Cost-Effective than Ileal Pouch-Anal Anastomosis for Crohn's Colitis. Dig Dis Sci. 2016 Feb; 61(2):550-9. PMID: 26434930.
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    38. Huang C, Haritunians T, Okou DT, Cutler DJ, Zwick ME, Taylor KD, Datta LW, Maranville JC, Liu Z, Ellis S, Chopra P, Alexander JS, Baldassano RN, Cross RK, Dassopoulos T, Dhere TA, Duerr RH, Hanson JS, Hou JK, Hussain SZ, Isaacs KL, Kachelries KE, Kader H, Kappelman MD, Katz J, Kellermayer R, Kirschner BS, Kuemmerle JF, Kumar A, Kwon JH, Lazarev M, Mannon P, Moulton DE, Osuntokun BO, Patel A, Rioux JD, Rotter JI, Saeed S, Scherl EJ, Silverberg MS, Silverman A, Targan SR, Valentine JF, Wang MH, Simpson CL, Bridges SL, Kimberly RP, Rich SS, Cho JH, Rienzo AD, Kao LWH, McGovern DPB, Brant SR, Kugathasan S. Characterization of genetic loci that affect susceptibility to inflammatory bowel diseases in African Americans. Gastroenterology. 2015 Nov; 149(6):1575-1586. PMID: 26278503.
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    39. Dezfoli S, Horton HA, Thepyasuwan N, Berel D, Targan SR, Vasiliauskas EA, Dubinsky M, Shih DQ, Kaur M, McGovern DP, Ippoliti A, Feldman EJ, Melmed GY. Combined Immunosuppression Impairs Immunogenicity to Tetanus and Pertussis Vaccination Among Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2015 Aug; 21(8):1754-60. PMID: 25985242.
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    40. Weizman AV, Huang B, Targan S, Dubinsky M, Fleshner P, Kaur M, Ippoliti A, Panikkath D, Vasiliauskas E, Shih D, McGovern DP, Melmed GY. Pyoderma Gangrenosum among Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Descriptive Cohort Study. J Cutan Med Surg. 2015 Mar-Apr; 19(2):125-31. PMID: 25775631.
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    41. Lau C, Dubinsky M, Melmed G, Vasiliauskas E, Berel D, McGovern D, Ippoliti A, Shih D, Targan S, Fleshner P. The impact of preoperative serum anti-TNFa therapy levels on early postoperative outcomes in inflammatory bowel disease surgery. Ann Surg. 2015 Mar; 261(3):487-96. PMID: 24950263.
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    42. Halloran B, Chang J, Shih DQ, McGovern D, Famulski K, Evaschesen C, Fedorak RN, Thiesen A, Targan S, Halloran PF. Molecular patterns in human ulcerative colitis and correlation with response to infliximab. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2014 Dec; 20(12):2353-63. PMID: 25397893.
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    43. Gonsky R, Deem RL, Landers CJ, Haritunians T, Yang S, Targan SR. IFNG rs1861494 polymorphism is associated with IBD disease severity and functional changes in both IFNG methylation and protein secretion. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2014 Oct; 20(10):1794-801. PMID: 25171510.
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    44. Weizman AV, Huang B, Targan S, Dubinsky M, Fleshner P, Kaur M, Ippoliti A, Panikkath D, Vasiliauskas E, Shih D, McGovern DP, Melmed GY. Pyoderma Gangrenosum among Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Descriptive Cohort Study. J Cutan Med Surg. 2014 Oct; 18(5):361. PMID: 25277124.
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    45. Khanna PV, Shih DQ, Haritunians T, McGovern DP, Targan S. Use of animal models in elucidating disease pathogenesis in IBD. Semin Immunopathol. 2014 Sep; 36(5):541-51. PMID: 25212688; PMCID: PMC4205729.
    46. Hyun J, Romero L, Riveron R, Flores C, Kanagavelu S, Chung KD, Alonso A, Sotolongo J, Ruiz J, Manukyan A, Chun S, Singh G, Salas P, Targan SR, Fukata M. Human intestinal epithelial cells express interleukin-10 through Toll-like receptor 4-mediated epithelial-macrophage crosstalk. J Innate Immun. 2015; 7(1):87-101. PMID: 25171731; PMCID: PMC4409129.
    47. Alexander KL, Targan SR, Elson CO. Microbiota activation and regulation of innate and adaptive immunity. Immunol Rev. 2014 Jul; 260(1):206-20. PMID: 24942691; PMCID: PMC4080089.
    48. Lin L, Ma C, Wei B, Aziz N, Rajalingam R, Yusung S, Erlich HA, Trachtenberg EA, Targan SR, McGovern DP, Heath JR, Braun J. Human NK cells licensed by killer Ig receptor genes have an altered cytokine program that modifies CD4+ T cell function. J Immunol. 2014 Jul 15; 193(2):940-9. PMID: 24935928; PMCID: PMC4096688.
    49. Horton HA, Dezfoli S, Berel D, Hirsch J, Ippoliti A, McGovern D, Kaur M, Shih D, Dubinsky M, Targan SR, Fleshner P, Vasiliauskas EA, Grein J, Murthy R, Melmed GY. Antibiotics for Treatment of Clostridium difficile Infection in Hospitalized Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2014 Sep; 58(9):5054-9. PMID: 24913174; PMCID: PMC4135854.
    50. Weizman A, Huang B, Berel D, Targan SR, Dubinsky M, Fleshner P, Ippoliti A, Kaur M, Panikkath D, Brant S, Oikonomou I, Duerr R, Rioux J, Silverberg M, Rotter JI, Vasiliauskas E, Haritunians T, Shih D, Li D, Melmed GY, McGovern DP. Clinical, serologic, and genetic factors associated with pyoderma gangrenosum and erythema nodosum in inflammatory bowel disease patients. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2014 Mar; 20(3):525-33. PMID: 24487271.
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    51. Vu MP, Melmed GY, Targan SR. Weeding out the facts: the reality about cannabis and Crohn's disease. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014 May; 12(5):898-9. PMID: 24269921.
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    52. Wallis D, Asaduzzaman A, Weisman M, Haroon N, Anton A, McGovern D, Targan S, Inman R. Elevated serum anti-flagellin antibodies implicate subclinical bowel inflammation in ankylosing spondylitis: an observational study. Arthritis Res Ther. 2013 Oct 26; 15(5):R166. PMID: 24286190; PMCID: PMC3978579.
    53. VanDussen KL, Liu TC, Li D, Towfic F, Modiano N, Winter R, Haritunians T, Taylor KD, Dhall D, Targan SR, Xavier RJ, McGovern DP, Stappenbeck TS. Genetic variants synthesize to produce paneth cell phenotypes that define subtypes of Crohn's disease. Gastroenterology. 2014 Jan; 146(1):200-9. PMID: 24076061.
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    54. Dubinsky MC, Kugathasan S, Kwon S, Haritunians T, Wrobel I, Wahbeh G, Quiros A, Bahar R, Silber G, Farrior S, Stephens M, Teleten N, Panikkath D, Ippoliti A, Vasiliauskas E, Fleshner P, Williams C, Landers C, Rotter JI, Targan SR, Taylor KD, McGovern DP. Multidimensional prognostic risk assessment identifies association between IL12B variation and surgery in Crohn's disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2013 Jul; 19(8):1662-70. PMID: 23665963.
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    55. Zheng L, Zhang X, Chen J, Ichikawa R, Wallace K, Pothoulakis C, Koon HW, Targan SR, Shih DQ. Erratum: Sustained TL1A (TNFSF15) expression on both lymphoid and myeloid cells leads to mild spontaneous intestinal inflammation and fibrosis (DOI: 10.1556/EuJMI.3.2013.1.2). Eur J Microbiol Immunol (Bp). 2013 Jun; 3(2):141. PMID: 24265931; PMCID: PMC3832092.
    56. Gonsky R, Deem RL, Targan SR. Multiple activating and repressive cis-promoter regions regulate TNFSF15 expression in human primary mononuclear cells. Cytokine. 2013 Jul; 63(1):36-42. PMID: 23642711.
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    57. Koon HW, Shih DQ, Hing TC, Yoo JH, Ho S, Chen X, Kelly CP, Targan SR, Pothoulakis C. Human monoclonal antibodies against Clostridium difficile toxins A and B inhibit inflammatory and histologic responses to the toxins in human colon and peripheral blood monocytes. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2013 Jul; 57(7):3214-23. PMID: 23629713; PMCID: PMC3697353.
    58. Zheng L, Zhang X, Chen J, Ichikawa R, Wallace K, Pothoulakis C, Koon HW, Targan SR, Shih DQ. SUSTAINED TL1A (TNFSF15) EXPRESSION ON BOTH LYMPHOID AND MYELOID CELLS LEADS TO MILD SPONTANEOUS INTESTINAL INFLAMMATION AND FIBROSIS. Eur J Microbiol Immunol (Bp). 2013 Mar; 3(1):11-20. PMID: 23638306.
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    127. Fleshner P, Ippoliti A, Dubinsky M, Vasiliauskas E, Mei L, Papadakis KA, Rotter JI, Landers C, Targan S. Both preoperative perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody and anti-CBir1 expression in ulcerative colitis patients influence pouchitis development after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2008 May; 6(5):561-8. PMID: 18378498; PMCID: PMC2742560.
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    129. Mitsuhashi M, Ogura M, Endo K, Obara K, Izutsu H, Targan SR, Maemura M, Tachikawa D, Shinagawa A. Ex vivo induction of mRNA in human whole blood as a new platform of drug and dietary supplement development. Pharm Res. 2008 May; 25(5):1116-24. PMID: 18183479; PMCID: PMC2292497.
    130. Melmed GY, Fleshner PR, Bardakcioglu O, Ippoliti A, Vasiliauskas EA, Papadakis KA, Dubinsky M, Landers C, Rotter JI, Targan SR. Family history and serology predict Crohn's disease after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis. Dis Colon Rectum. 2008 Jan; 51(1):100-8. PMID: 18085333; PMCID: PMC2442922.
    131. Vandewalle-El Khoury P, Colombel JF, Joossens S, Standaert-Vitse A, Collot M, Halfvarson J, Ayadi A, Landers CJ, Vermeire S, Rutgeerts P, Targan SR, Chamaillard M, Mallet JM, Sendid B, Poulain D. Detection of antisynthetic mannoside antibodies (ASigmaMA) reveals heterogeneity in the ASCA response of Crohn's disease patients and contributes to differential diagnosis, stratification, and prediction. Am J Gastroenterol. 2008 Apr; 103(4):949-57. PMID: 18047546.
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    132. Schluender SJ, Ippoliti A, Dubinsky M, Vasiliauskas EA, Papadakis KA, Mei L, Targan SR, Fleshner PR. Does infliximab influence surgical morbidity of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis in patients with ulcerative colitis? Dis Colon Rectum. 2007 Nov; 50(11):1747-53. PMID: 17704969.
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    133. Picornell Y, Mei L, Taylor K, Yang H, Targan SR, Rotter JI. TNFSF15 is an ethnic-specific IBD gene. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2007 Nov; 13(11):1333-8. PMID: 17663424.
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    134. Plevy S, Salzberg B, Van Assche G, Regueiro M, Hommes D, Sandborn W, Hanauer S, Targan S, Mayer L, Mahadevan U, Frankel M, Lowder J. A phase I study of visilizumab, a humanized anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody, in severe steroid-refractory ulcerative colitis. Gastroenterology. 2007 Nov; 133(5):1414-22. PMID: 17920064.
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    135. Clark M, Colombel JF, Feagan BC, Fedorak RN, Hanauer SB, Kamm MA, Mayer L, Regueiro C, Rutgeerts P, Sandborn WJ, Sands BE, Schreiber S, Targan S, Travis S, Vermeire S. American gastroenterological association consensus development conference on the use of biologics in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, June 21-23, 2006. Gastroenterology. 2007 Jul; 133(1):312-39. PMID: 17631151.
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    137. Fleshner P, Ippoliti A, Dubinsky M, Ognibene S, Vasiliauskas E, Chelly M, Mei L, Papadakis KA, Landers C, Targan S. A prospective multivariate analysis of clinical factors associated with pouchitis after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2007 Aug; 5(8):952-8; quiz 887. PMID: 17544871.
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    138. Cohavy O, Targan SR. CD56 marks an effector T cell subset in the human intestine. J Immunol. 2007 May 01; 178(9):5524-32. PMID: 17442934.
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    139. Melmed GY, Elashoff R, Chen GC, Nastaskin I, Papadakis KA, Vasiliauskas EA, Liu W, Landers C, Ippoliti AF, Targan SR. Predicting a change in diagnosis from ulcerative colitis to Crohn's disease: a nested, case-control study. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2007 May; 5(5):602-8; quiz 525. PMID: 17478347.
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    140. Dubinsky MC, Wang D, Picornell Y, Wrobel I, Katzir L, Quiros A, Dutridge D, Wahbeh G, Silber G, Bahar R, Mengesha E, Targan SR, Taylor KD, Rotter JI. IL-23 receptor (IL-23R) gene protects against pediatric Crohn's disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2007 May; 13(5):511-5. PMID: 17309073.
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    141. Papadakis KA, Yang H, Ippoliti A, Mei L, Elson CO, Hershberg RM, Vasiliauskas EA, Fleshner PR, Abreu MT, Taylor K, Landers CJ, Rotter JI, Targan SR. Anti-flagellin (CBir1) phenotypic and genetic Crohn's disease associations. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2007 May; 13(5):524-30. PMID: 17260364.
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    142. Rioux JD, Xavier RJ, Taylor KD, Silverberg MS, Goyette P, Huett A, Green T, Kuballa P, Barmada MM, Datta LW, Shugart YY, Griffiths AM, Targan SR, Ippoliti AF, Bernard EJ, Mei L, Nicolae DL, Regueiro M, Schumm LP, Steinhart AH, Rotter JI, Duerr RH, Cho JH, Daly MJ, Brant SR. Genome-wide association study identifies new susceptibility loci for Crohn disease and implicates autophagy in disease pathogenesis. Nat Genet. 2007 May; 39(5):596-604. PMID: 17435756; PMCID: PMC2757939.
    143. Prehn JL, Thomas LS, Landers CJ, Yu QT, Michelsen KS, Targan SR. The T cell costimulator TL1A is induced by FcgammaR signaling in human monocytes and dendritic cells. J Immunol. 2007 Apr 01; 178(7):4033-8. PMID: 17371957.
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    144. Targan SR, Feagan BG, Fedorak RN, Lashner BA, Panaccione R, Present DH, Spehlmann ME, Rutgeerts PJ, Tulassay Z, Volfova M, Wolf DC, Hernandez C, Bornstein J, Sandborn WJ. Natalizumab for the treatment of active Crohn's disease: results of the ENCORE Trial. Gastroenterology. 2007 May; 132(5):1672-83. PMID: 17484865.
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    145. Saruta M, Yu QT, Avanesyan A, Fleshner PR, Targan SR, Papadakis KA. Phenotype and effector function of CC chemokine receptor 9-expressing lymphocytes in small intestinal Crohn's disease. J Immunol. 2007 Mar 01; 178(5):3293-300. PMID: 17312180.
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    146. Spivak J, Landers CJ, Vasiliauskas EA, Abreu MT, Dubinsky MC, Papadakis KA, Ippoliti A, Targan SR, Fleshner PR. Antibodies to I2 predict clinical response to fecal diversion in Crohn's disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2006 Dec; 12(12):1122-30. PMID: 17119386.
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    147. Devlin SM, Yang H, Ippoliti A, Taylor KD, Landers CJ, Su X, Abreu MT, Papadakis KA, Vasiliauskas EA, Melmed GY, Fleshner PR, Mei L, Rotter JI, Targan SR. NOD2 variants and antibody response to microbial antigens in Crohn's disease patients and their unaffected relatives. Gastroenterology. 2007 Feb; 132(2):576-86. PMID: 17258734.
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    148. Kucharzik T, Maaser C, Lügering A, Kagnoff M, Mayer L, Targan S, Domschke W. Recent understanding of IBD pathogenesis: implications for future therapies. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2006 Nov; 12(11):1068-83. PMID: 17075348.
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    149. Duerr RH, Taylor KD, Brant SR, Rioux JD, Silverberg MS, Daly MJ, Steinhart AH, Abraham C, Regueiro M, Griffiths A, Dassopoulos T, Bitton A, Yang H, Targan S, Datta LW, Kistner EO, Schumm LP, Lee AT, Gregersen PK, Barmada MM, Rotter JI, Nicolae DL, Cho JH. A genome-wide association study identifies IL23R as an inflammatory bowel disease gene. Science. 2006 Dec 01; 314(5804):1461-3. PMID: 17068223; PMCID: PMC4410764.
    150. Vasiliauskas EA, Church JA, Silverman N, Barry M, Targan SR, Dubinsky MC. Case report: evidence for transplacental transfer of maternally administered infliximab to the newborn. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006 Oct; 4(10):1255-8. PMID: 17045211.
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    151. Targan SR. Current limitations of IBD treatment: where do we go from here? Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006 Aug; 1072:1-8. PMID: 17057185.
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    152. Elson CO, Cong Y, Qi F, Hershberg RM, Targan SR. Molecular approaches to the role of the microbiota in inflammatory bowel disease. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006 Aug; 1072:39-51. PMID: 17057189.
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    153. Melmed GY, Ippoliti AF, Papadakis KA, Tran TT, Birt JL, Lee SK, Frenck RW, Targan SR, Vasiliauskas EA. Patients with inflammatory bowel disease are at risk for vaccine-preventable illnesses. Am J Gastroenterol. 2006 Aug; 101(8):1834-40. PMID: 16817843.
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    154. Dubinsky MC, Taylor K, Targan SR, Rotter JI. Immunogenetic phenotypes in inflammatory bowel disease. World J Gastroenterol. 2006 Jun 21; 12(23):3645-50. PMID: 16773679.
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    155. Mei L, Targan SR, Landers CJ, Dutridge D, Ippoliti A, Vasiliauskas EA, Papadakis KA, Fleshner PR, Rotter JI, Yang H. Familial expression of anti-Escherichia coli outer membrane porin C in relatives of patients with Crohn's disease. Gastroenterology. 2006 Apr; 130(4):1078-85. PMID: 16618402.
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    156. Dubinsky MC, Lin YC, Dutridge D, Picornell Y, Landers CJ, Farrior S, Wrobel I, Quiros A, Vasiliauskas EA, Grill B, Israel D, Bahar R, Christie D, Wahbeh G, Silber G, Dallazadeh S, Shah P, Thomas D, Kelts D, Hershberg RM, Elson CO, Targan SR, Taylor KD, Rotter JI, Yang H. Serum immune responses predict rapid disease progression among children with Crohn's disease: immune responses predict disease progression. Am J Gastroenterol. 2006 Feb; 101(2):360-7. PMID: 16454844; PMCID: PMC2259248.
    157. Abreu MT, Geller JL, Vasiliauskas EA, Kam LY, Vora P, Martyak LA, Yang H, Hu B, Lin YC, Keenan G, Price J, Landers CJ, Adams JS, Targan SR. Treatment with infliximab is associated with increased markers of bone formation in patients with Crohn's disease. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2006 Jan; 40(1):55-63. PMID: 16340635.
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    158. Braun J, Targan SR. Multiparameter analysis of immunogenetic mechanisms in clinical diagnosis and management of inflammatory bowel disease. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2006; 579:209-18. PMID: 16620020.
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    159. Sandborn WJ, Colombel JF, Enns R, Feagan BG, Hanauer SB, Lawrance IC, Panaccione R, Sanders M, Schreiber S, Targan S, van Deventer S, Goldblum R, Despain D, Hogge GS, Rutgeerts P. Natalizumab induction and maintenance therapy for Crohn's disease. N Engl J Med. 2005 Nov 03; 353(18):1912-25. PMID: 16267322.
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    160. Isaacs KL, Lewis JD, Sandborn WJ, Sands BE, Targan SR. State of the art: IBD therapy and clinical trials in IBD. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2005 Nov; 11 Suppl 1:S3-12. PMID: 16254481.
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    161. Okon A, Dubinsky M, Vasiliauskas EA, Papadakis KA, Ippoliti A, Targan SR, Fleshner PR. Elevated platelet count before ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis is associated with the development of chronic pouchitis. Am Surg. 2005 Oct; 71(10):821-6. PMID: 16468527.
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    162. Silverberg MS, Satsangi J, Ahmad T, Arnott ID, Bernstein CN, Brant SR, Caprilli R, Colombel JF, Gasche C, Geboes K, Jewell DP, Karban A, Loftus EV, Peña AS, Riddell RH, Sachar DB, Schreiber S, Steinhart AH, Targan SR, Vermeire S, Warren BF. Toward an integrated clinical, molecular and serological classification of inflammatory bowel disease: report of a Working Party of the 2005 Montreal World Congress of Gastroenterology. Can J Gastroenterol. 2005 Sep; 19 Suppl A:5A-36A. PMID: 16151544.
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    163. Targan SR, Karp LC. Defects in mucosal immunity leading to ulcerative colitis. Immunol Rev. 2005 Aug; 206:296-305. PMID: 16048556.
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    164. Hui T, Landers C, Vasiliauskas E, Abreu M, Dubinsky M, Papadakis KA, Price J, Lin YC, Huiying Y, Targan S, Fleshner P. Serologic responses in indeterminate colitis patients before ileal pouch-anal anastomosis may determine those at risk for continuous pouch inflammation. Dis Colon Rectum. 2005 Jun; 48(6):1254-62. PMID: 15868228.
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    165. Targan SR, Landers CJ, Yang H, Lodes MJ, Cong Y, Papadakis KA, Vasiliauskas E, Elson CO, Hershberg RM. Antibodies to CBir1 flagellin define a unique response that is associated independently with complicated Crohn's disease. Gastroenterology. 2005 Jun; 128(7):2020-8. PMID: 15940634.
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    166. Papadakis KA, Zhu D, Prehn JL, Landers C, Avanesyan A, Lafkas G, Targan SR. Dominant role for TL1A/DR3 pathway in IL-12 plus IL-18-induced IFN-gamma production by peripheral blood and mucosal CCR9+ T lymphocytes. J Immunol. 2005 Apr 15; 174(8):4985-90. PMID: 15814728.
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    167. Cohavy O, Zhou J, Ware CF, Targan SR. LIGHT is constitutively expressed on T and NK cells in the human gut and can be induced by CD2-mediated signaling. J Immunol. 2005 Jan 15; 174(2):646-53. PMID: 15634882.
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    168. Papadakis KA, Shaye OA, Vasiliauskas EA, Ippoliti A, Dubinsky MC, Birt J, Paavola J, Lee SK, Price J, Targan SR, Abreu MT. Safety and efficacy of adalimumab (D2E7) in Crohn's disease patients with an attenuated response to infliximab. Am J Gastroenterol. 2005 Jan; 100(1):75-9. PMID: 15654784.
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    169. Arnott ID, Landers CJ, Nimmo EJ, Drummond HE, Smith BK, Targan SR, Satsangi J. Sero-reactivity to microbial components in Crohn's disease is associated with disease severity and progression, but not NOD2/CARD15 genotype. Am J Gastroenterol. 2004 Dec; 99(12):2376-84. PMID: 15571586.
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    170. Gonsky R, Deem RL, Bream J, Young HA, Targan SR. Enhancer role of STAT5 in CD2 activation of IFN-gamma gene expression. J Immunol. 2004 Nov 15; 173(10):6241-7. PMID: 15528362.
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    171. Papadakis KA, Prehn J, Zhu D, Landers C, Gaiennie J, Fleshner PR, Targan SR. Expression and regulation of the chemokine receptor CXCR3 on lymphocytes from normal and inflammatory bowel disease mucosa. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2004 Nov; 10(6):778-88. PMID: 15626897.
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    172. Sitaraman SV, Klapproth JM, Moore DA, Landers C, Targan S, Williams IR, Gewirtz AT. Elevated flagellin-specific immunoglobulins in Crohn's disease. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2005 Feb; 288(2):G403-6. PMID: 15388489.
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    173. Geller SA, Dubinsky MC, Poordad FF, Vasiliauskas EA, Cohen AH, Abreu MT, Tran T, Martin P, Vierling JM, Targan SR. Early hepatic nodular hyperplasia and submicroscopic fibrosis associated with 6-thioguanine therapy in inflammatory bowel disease. Am J Surg Pathol. 2004 Sep; 28(9):1204-11. PMID: 15316320.
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    174. Mow WS, Landers CJ, Steinhart AH, Feagan BG, Croitoru K, Seidman E, Greenberg GR, Targan SR. High-level serum antibodies to bacterial antigens are associated with antibiotic-induced clinical remission in Crohn's disease: a pilot study. Dig Dis Sci. 2004 Aug; 49(7-8):1280-6. PMID: 15387358.
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    175. Bream JH, Hodge DL, Gonsky R, Spolski R, Leonard WJ, Krebs S, Targan S, Morinobu A, O'Shea JJ, Young HA. A distal region in the interferon-gamma gene is a site of epigenetic remodeling and transcriptional regulation by interleukin-2. J Biol Chem. 2004 Sep 24; 279(39):41249-57. PMID: 15271977.
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    176. Youdim A, Vasiliauskas EA, Targan SR, Papadakis KA, Ippoliti A, Dubinsky MC, Lechago J, Paavola J, Loane J, Lee SK, Gaiennie J, Smith K, Do J, Abreu MT. A pilot study of adalimumab in infliximab-allergic patients. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2004 Jul; 10(4):333-8. PMID: 15475739.
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    177. Prehn JL, Mehdizadeh S, Landers CJ, Luo X, Cha SC, Wei P, Targan SR. Potential role for TL1A, the new TNF-family member and potent costimulator of IFN-gamma, in mucosal inflammation. Clin Immunol. 2004 Jul; 112(1):66-77. PMID: 15207783.
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    178. Cohavy O, Zhou J, Granger SW, Ware CF, Targan SR. LIGHT expression by mucosal T cells may regulate IFN-gamma expression in the intestine. J Immunol. 2004 Jul 01; 173(1):251-8. PMID: 15210782.
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    179. Matuk R, Crawford J, Abreu MT, Targan SR, Vasiliauskas EA, Papadakis KA. The spectrum of gastrointestinal toxicity and effect on disease activity of selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2004 Jul; 10(4):352-6. PMID: 15475742.
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    180. Papadakis KA, Prehn JL, Landers C, Han Q, Luo X, Cha SC, Wei P, Targan SR. TL1A synergizes with IL-12 and IL-18 to enhance IFN-gamma production in human T cells and NK cells. J Immunol. 2004 Jun 01; 172(11):7002-7. PMID: 15153521.
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    181. Lodes MJ, Cong Y, Elson CO, Mohamath R, Landers CJ, Targan SR, Fort M, Hershberg RM. Bacterial flagellin is a dominant antigen in Crohn disease. J Clin Invest. 2004 May; 113(9):1296-306. PMID: 15124021; PMCID: PMC398429.
    182. Mow WS, Abreu-Martin MT, Papadakis KA, Pitchon HE, Targan SR, Vasiliauskas EA. High incidence of anergy in inflammatory bowel disease patients limits the usefulness of PPD screening before infliximab therapy. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2004 Apr; 2(4):309-13. PMID: 15067625.
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    183. Mow WS, Vasiliauskas EA, Lin YC, Fleshner PR, Papadakis KA, Taylor KD, Landers CJ, Abreu-Martin MT, Rotter JI, Yang H, Targan SR. Association of antibody responses to microbial antigens and complications of small bowel Crohn's disease. Gastroenterology. 2004 Feb; 126(2):414-24. PMID: 14762777.
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    184. Mow WS, Lo SK, Targan SR, Dubinsky MC, Treyzon L, Abreu-Martin MT, Papadakis KA, Vasiliauskas EA. Initial experience with wireless capsule enteroscopy in the diagnosis and management of inflammatory bowel disease. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2004 Jan; 2(1):31-40. PMID: 15017630.
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    185. Dubinsky MC, Vasiliauskas EA, Singh H, Abreu MT, Papadakis KA, Tran T, Martin P, Vierling JM, Geller SA, Targan SR, Poordad FF. 6-thioguanine can cause serious liver injury in inflammatory bowel disease patients. Gastroenterology. 2003 Aug; 125(2):298-303. PMID: 12891528.
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    186. Papadakis KA, Landers C, Prehn J, Kouroumalis EA, Moreno ST, Gutierrez-Ramos JC, Hodge MR, Targan SR. CC chemokine receptor 9 expression defines a subset of peripheral blood lymphocytes with mucosal T cell phenotype and Th1 or T-regulatory 1 cytokine profile. J Immunol. 2003 Jul 01; 171(1):159-65. PMID: 12816994.
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    187. Dubinsky MC, Feldman EJ, Abreu MT, Targan SR, Vasiliauskas EA. Thioguanine: a potential alternate thiopurine for IBD patients allergic to 6-mercaptopurine or azathioprine. Am J Gastroenterol. 2003 May; 98(5):1058-63. PMID: 12809828.
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    188. Elson CO, Sartor RB, Targan SR, Sandborn WJ. Challenges in IBD Research: updating the scientific agendas. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2003 May; 9(3):137-53. PMID: 12792219.
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    189. Gonsky R, Deem RL, Young HA, Targan SR. CD2 mediates activation of the IFN-gamma intronic STAT binding region in mucosal T cells. Eur J Immunol. 2003 May; 33(5):1152-62. PMID: 12731040.
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    190. Sugimura K, Taylor KD, Lin YC, Hang T, Wang D, Tang YM, Fischel-Ghodsian N, Targan SR, Rotter JI, Yang H. A novel NOD2/CARD15 haplotype conferring risk for Crohn disease in Ashkenazi Jews. Am J Hum Genet. 2003 Mar; 72(3):509-18. PMID: 12577202; PMCID: PMC1180227.
    191. Papadakis KA, Rosenbloom B, Targan SR. Anti-CD2O chimeric monoclonal antibody (rituximab) treatment of immune-mediated thrombocytopenia associated with Crohn's disease. Gastroenterology. 2003 Feb; 124(2):583. PMID: 12557172.
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    192. Landers CJ, Cohavy O, Misra R, Yang H, Lin YC, Braun J, Targan SR. Selected loss of tolerance evidenced by Crohn's disease-associated immune responses to auto- and microbial antigens. Gastroenterology. 2002 Sep; 123(3):689-99. PMID: 12198693.
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    193. Abreu MT, Taylor KD, Lin YC, Hang T, Gaiennie J, Landers CJ, Vasiliauskas EA, Kam LY, Rojany M, Papadakis KA, Rotter JI, Targan SR, Yang H. Mutations in NOD2 are associated with fibrostenosing disease in patients with Crohn's disease. Gastroenterology. 2002 Sep; 123(3):679-88. PMID: 12198692.
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    194. Sandborn WJ, Targan SR. Biologic therapy of inflammatory bowel disease. Gastroenterology. 2002 May; 122(6):1592-608. PMID: 12016425.
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    195. Dubinsky MC, Yang H, Hassard PV, Seidman EG, Kam LY, Abreu MT, Targan SR, Vasiliauskas EA. 6-MP metabolite profiles provide a biochemical explanation for 6-MP resistance in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Gastroenterology. 2002 Apr; 122(4):904-15. PMID: 11910342.
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