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Ettner Susan L.

Title(s)Professor, General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research
Phone310.794.2289
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    Other Positions
    Title(s)Professor, Health Policy and Management

    Title(s)Professor, Medicine

    Title(s)Associate Professor, General Medicine and Health Services


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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Zhao B, Childers CP, Hays RD, Ettner SL, Alban RF, Maggard-Gibbons M, Clary BM. Surgeon Awareness of the Relative Costs of Common Surgical Instruments. JAMA Surg. 2019 Jun 26. PMID: 31241725.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Narain K, Xu H, Azocar F, Ettner SL. Racial/ethnic disparities in specialty behavioral health care treatment patterns and expenditures among commercially insured patients in managed behavioral health care plans. Health Serv Res. 2019 Feb 07. PMID: 30734279.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Chukmaitov AS, Kaidarova DR, Talaeyva ST, Sheppard VB, Xu H, Siangphoe U, Ettner SL. Analysis of Delays in Breast Cancer Treatment and Late-Stage Diagnosis in Kazakhstan Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2018 Sep 26; 19(9):2519-2525. PMID: 30256046.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Chung B, Ong M, Ettner SL, Jones F, Gilmore J, McCreary M, Ngo VK, Sherbourne C, Tang L, Dixon E, Koegel P, Miranda J, Wells KB. 12-Month Cost Outcomes of Community Engagement Versus Technical Assistance for Depression Quality Improvement: A Partnered, Cluster Randomized, Comparative-Effectiveness Trial. Ethn Dis. 2018; 28(Suppl 2):349-356. PMID: 30202187.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Friedman SA, Azocar F, Xu H, Ettner SL. The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) evaluation study: Did parity differentially affect substance use disorder and mental health benefits offered by behavioral healthcare carve-out and carve-in plans? Drug Alcohol Depend. 2018 09 01; 190:151-158. PMID: 30032052.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Thalmayer AG, Harwood JM, Friedman S, Azocar F, Watson LA, Xu H, Ettner SL. The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act Evaluation Study: Impact on Nonquantitative Treatment Limits for Specialty Behavioral Health Care. Health Serv Res. 2018 12; 53(6):4584-4608. PMID: 29740807.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Cunningham WE, Weiss RE, Nakazono T, Malek MA, Shoptaw SJ, Ettner SL, Harawa NT. Effectiveness of a Peer Navigation Intervention to Sustain Viral Suppression Among HIV-Positive Men and Transgender Women Released From Jail: The LINK LA Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Intern Med. 2018 Apr 01; 178(4):542-553. PMID: 29532059.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Tran LD, Xu H, Azocar F, Ettner SL. Behavioral Health Treatment Patterns Among Employer-Insured Adults in Same- and Different-Gender Marriages and Domestic Partnerships. Psychiatr Serv. 2018 May 01; 69(5):572-579. PMID: 29385953.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Grinshteyn EG, Xu H, Manteuffel B, Ettner SL. The Associations of Area-Level Violent Crime Rates and Self-Reported Violent Crime Exposure with Adolescent Behavioral Health. Community Ment Health J. 2018 04; 54(3):252-258. PMID: 28861664.
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    10. Narain K, Ettner S. The Impact of Exceeding TANF Time Limits on the Access to Healthcare of Low-Income Mothers. Soc Work Public Health. 2017; 32(7):452-460. PMID: 28816637.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Friedman S, Xu H, Harwood JM, Azocar F, Hurley B, Ettner SL. The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act evaluation study: Impact on specialty behavioral healthcare utilization and spending among enrollees with substance use disorders. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2017 09; 80:67-78. PMID: 28755776.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Hoffman GJ, Hays RD, Wallace SP, Shapiro MF, Yakusheva O, Ettner SL. Receipt of Caregiving and Fall Risk in US Community-dwelling Older Adults. Med Care. 2017 04; 55(4):371-378. PMID: 27875481.
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    13. Green JB, Shapiro MF, Ettner SL, Malin J, Ang A, Wong MD. Physician variation in lung cancer treatment at the end of life. Am J Manag Care. 2017 Apr; 23(4):216-223. PMID: 28554208.
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    14. Narain K, Bitler M, Ponce N, Kominski G, Ettner S. The impact of welfare reform on the health insurance coverage, utilization and health of low education single mothers. Soc Sci Med. 2017 05; 180:28-35. PMID: 28319907.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Hoffman GJ, Hays RD, Wallace SP, Shapiro MF, Ettner SL. Depressive symptomatology and fall risk among community-dwelling older adults. Soc Sci Med. 2017 04; 178:206-213. PMID: 28279573.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Harwood JM, Azocar F, Thalmayer A, Xu H, Ong MK, Tseng CH, Wells KB, Friedman S, Ettner SL. The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act Evaluation Study: Impact on Specialty Behavioral Health Care Utilization and Spending Among Carve-In Enrollees. Med Care. 2017 Feb; 55(2):164-172. PMID: 27632769.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Thalmayer AG, Friedman SA, Azocar F, Harwood JM, Ettner SL. The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) Evaluation Study: Impact on Quantitative Treatment Limits. Psychiatr Serv. 2017 May 01; 68(5):435-442. PMID: 27974003.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Friedman SA, Thalmayer AG, Azocar F, Xu H, Harwood JM, Ong MK, Johnson LL, Ettner SL. The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act Evaluation Study: Impact on Mental Health Financial Requirements among Commercial "Carve-In" Plans. Health Serv Res. 2018 02; 53(1):366-388. PMID: 27943277.
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    19. Sacks GD, Dawes AJ, Ettner SL, Brook RH, Fox CR, Maggard-Gibbons M, Ko CY, Russell MM. Surgeon Perception of Risk and Benefit in the Decision to Operate. Ann Surg. 2016 Dec; 264(6):896-903. PMID: 27192348.
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    20. Sacks GD, Dawes AJ, Ettner SL, Brook RH, Fox CR, Russell MM, Ko CY, Maggard-Gibbons M. Impact of a Risk Calculator on Risk Perception and Surgical Decision Making: A Randomized Trial. Ann Surg. 2016 Dec; 264(6):889-895. PMID: 27192347.
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    21. Ettner SL, M Harwood J, Thalmayer A, Ong MK, Xu H, Bresolin MJ, Wells KB, Tseng CH, Azocar F. The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act evaluation study: Impact on specialty behavioral health utilization and expenditures among "carve-out" enrollees. J Health Econ. 2016 12; 50:131-143. PMID: 27736705.
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    22. Hoffman GJ, Hays RD, Shapiro MF, Wallace SP, Ettner SL. The Costs of Fall-Related Injuries among Older Adults: Annual Per-Faller, Service Component, and Patient Out-of-Pocket Costs. Health Serv Res. 2017 10; 52(5):1794-1816. PMID: 27581952.
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    23. Walling AM, Tisnado D, Ettner SL, Asch SM, Dy SM, Pantoja P, Lee M, Ahluwalia SC, Schreibeis-Baum H, Malin JL, Lorenz KA. Palliative Care Specialist Consultation Is Associated With Supportive Care Quality in Advanced Cancer. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2016 10; 52(4):507-514. PMID: 27401515.
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    24. Hoffman GJ, Hays RD, Shapiro MF, Wallace SP, Ettner SL. Claims-based Identification Methods and the Cost of Fall-related Injuries Among US Older Adults. Med Care. 2016 07; 54(7):664-71. PMID: 27057747.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Han MA, Clarke R, Ettner SL, Steers WN, Leng M, Mangione CM. Predictors of Out-of-ACO Care in the Medicare Shared Savings Program. Med Care. 2016 07; 54(7):679-88. PMID: 27213548.
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    26. Doyle BJ, Ettner SL, Nuckols TK. Supplemental insurance reduces out-of-pocket costs in medicare observation services. J Hosp Med. 2016 07; 11(7):502-4. PMID: 27373701.
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    27. Grinshteyn EG, Eisenman DP, Cunningham WE, Andersen R, Ettner SL. Individual- and Neighborhood-Level Determinants of Fear of Violent Crime Among Adolescents. Fam Community Health. 2016 Apr-Jun; 39(2):103-12. PMID: 26882413.
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    28. Gilmer TP, Stefancic A, Henwood BF, Ettner SL. Fidelity to the Housing First Model and Variation in Health Service Use Within Permanent Supportive Housing. Psychiatr Serv. 2015 Dec 01; 66(12):1283-9. PMID: 26325459.
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    29. Ahluwalia SC, Tisnado DM, Walling AM, Dy SM, Asch SM, Ettner SL, Kim B, Pantoja P, Schreibeis-Baum HC, Lorenz KA. Association of Early Patient-Physician Care Planning Discussions and End-of-Life Care Intensity in Advanced Cancer. J Palliat Med. 2015 Oct; 18(10):834-41. PMID: 26186553; PMCID: PMC4599129 [Available on 10/01/16].
    30. Barnes AJ, Xu H, Tseng CH, Ang A, Tallen L, Moore AA, Marshall DC, Mirkin M, Ransohoff K, Duru OK, Ettner SL. The Effect of a Patient-Provider Educational Intervention to Reduce At-Risk Drinking on Changes in Health and Health-Related Quality of Life Among Older Adults: The Project SHARE Study. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2016 Jan; 60:14-20. PMID: 26254687.
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    31. Duru OK, Xu H, Moore AA, Mirkin M, Ang A, Tallen L, Tseng CH, Ettner SL. Examining the Impact of Separate Components of a Multicomponent Intervention Designed to Reduce At-Risk Drinking Among Older Adults: The Project SHARE Study. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2015 Jul; 39(7):1227-35. PMID: 26033430.
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    32. Duru OK, Turk N, Ettner SL, Neugebauer R, Moin T, Li J, Kimbro L, Chan C, Luchs RH, Keckhafer AM, Kirvan A, Ho S, Mangione CM. Adherence to Metformin, Statins, and ACE/ARBs Within the Diabetes Health Plan (DHP). J Gen Intern Med. 2015 Nov; 30(11):1645-50. PMID: 25944019; PMCID: PMC4617948 [Available on 11/01/16].
    33. Moin T, Li J, Duru OK, Ettner S, Turk N, Keckhafer A, Ho S, Mangione CM. Metformin prescription for insured adults with prediabetes from 2010 to 2012: a retrospective cohort study. Ann Intern Med. 2015 Apr 21; 162(8):542-8. PMID: 25894024.
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    34. Yala SM, Duru OK, Ettner SL, Turk N, Mangione CM, Brown AF. Patterns of prescription drug expenditures and medication adherence among medicare part D beneficiaries with and without the low-income supplement. BMC Health Serv Res. 2014 Dec 20; 14:665. PMID: 25526892.
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    35. Popescu I, Xu H, Krivelyova A, Ettner SL. Disparities in receipt of specialty services among children with mental health need enrolled in the CMHI. Psychiatr Serv. 2015 Mar 01; 66(3):242-8. PMID: 25727111.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Chung B, Ong M, Ettner SL, Jones F, Gilmore J, McCreary M, Sherbourne C, Ngo V, Koegel P, Tang L, Dixon E, Miranda J, Belin TR, Wells KB. 12-month outcomes of community engagement versus technical assistance to implement depression collaborative care: a partnered, cluster, randomized, comparative effectiveness trial. Ann Intern Med. 2014 Nov 18; 161(10 Suppl):S23-34. PMID: 25402400; PMCID: PMC4235578.
    37. Duru OK, Edgington S, Mangione C, Turk N, Tseng CH, Kimbro L, Ettner S. Association of Medicare Part D low-income cost subsidy program enrollment with increased fill adherence to clopidogrel after coronary stent placement. Pharmacotherapy. 2014 Dec; 34(12):1230-8. PMID: 25314343; PMCID: PMC4276510.
    38. Dawes AJ, Louie R, Nguyen DK, Maggard-Gibbons M, Parikh P, Ettner SL, Ko CY, Zingmond DS. The impact of continuous Medicaid enrollment on diagnosis, treatment, and survival in six surgical cancers. Health Serv Res. 2014 Dec; 49(6):1787-811. PMID: 25256223.
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    39. Gilmer TP, Stefancic A, Tsemberis S, Ettner SL. Full-service partnerships among adults with serious mental illness in California: impact on utilization and costs. Psychiatr Serv. 2014 Sep 01; 65(9):1120-5. PMID: 24829104.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Kimbro LB, Li J, Turk N, Ettner SL, Moin T, Mangione CM, Duru OK. Optimizing enrollment in employer health programs: a comparison of enrollment strategies in the Diabetes Health Plan. Am J Manag Care. 2014 Aug 01; 20(8):e311-9. PMID: 25295794.
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    41. Kimbro LB, Mangione CM, Steers WN, Duru OK, McEwen L, Karter A, Ettner SL. Depression and all-cause mortality in persons with diabetes mellitus: are older adults at higher risk? Results from the Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes Study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2014 Jun; 62(6):1017-22. PMID: 24823259; PMCID: PMC4057963.
    42. Ettner SL, Xu H, Duru OK, Ang A, Tseng CH, Tallen L, Barnes A, Mirkin M, Ransohoff K, Moore AA. The effect of an educational intervention on alcohol consumption, at-risk drinking, and health care utilization in older adults: the Project SHARE study. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2014 May; 75(3):447-57. PMID: 24766757.
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    43. Yan T, Xu H, Ettner SL, Barnes AJ, Moore AA. At-risk drinking and outpatient healthcare expenditures in older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2014 Feb; 62(2):325-8. PMID: 24417471.
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    44. Maclean JC, Xu H, French MT, Ettner SL. Mental health and risky sexual behaviors: evidence from DSM-IV Axis II disorders. J Ment Health Policy Econ. 2013 Dec; 16(4):187-208. PMID: 24526587.
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    45. Walling AM, Tisnado D, Asch SM, Malin JM, Pantoja P, Dy SM, Ettner SL, Zisser AP, Schreibeis-Baum H, Lee M, Lorenz KA. The quality of supportive cancer care in the veterans affairs health system and targets for improvement. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Dec 9-23; 173(22):2071-9. PMID: 24126685.
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    46. Maclean JC, Xu H, French MT, Ettner SL. Personality disorders and body weight. Econ Hum Biol. 2014 Jan; 12:153-71. PMID: 24268441.
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    47. Maclean JC, Xu H, French MT, Ettner SL. Mental health and high-cost health care utilization: new evidence from Axis II disorders. Health Serv Res. 2014 Apr; 49(2):683-704. PMID: 24117342.
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    48. Duru OK, Ettner SL, Turk N, Mangione CM, Brown AF, Fu J, Simien L, Tseng CW. Potential savings associated with drug substitution in Medicare Part D: the Translating Research into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study. J Gen Intern Med. 2014 Jan; 29(1):230-6. PMID: 23975059; PMCID: PMC3889972.
    49. Lawson EH, Hall BL, Louie R, Ettner SL, Zingmond DS, Han L, Rapp M, Ko CY. Association between occurrence of a postoperative complication and readmission: implications for quality improvement and cost savings. Ann Surg. 2013 Jul; 258(1):10-8. PMID: 23579579.
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    50. Li R, Bilik D, Brown MB, Zhang P, Ettner SL, Ackermann RT, Crosson JC, Herman WH. Medical costs associated with type 2 diabetes complications and comorbidities. Am J Manag Care. 2013 May; 19(5):421-30. PMID: 23781894.
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    51. Williams J, Steers WN, Ettner SL, Mangione CM, Duru OK. Cost-related nonadherence by medication type among Medicare Part D beneficiaries with diabetes. Med Care. 2013 Feb; 51(2):193-8. PMID: 23032359.
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    52. Duru OK, Mangione CM, Chan C, Keckhafer A, Kimbro L, Kirvan KA, Turk N, Luchs R, Li J, Ettner S. Evaluation of the diabetes health plan to improve diabetes care and prevention. Prev Chronic Dis. 2013; 10:E16. PMID: 23369769; PMCID: PMC3562175.
    53. Fitzgerald JD, Weng HH, Soohoo NF, Ettner SL. Regional variation in acute care length of stay after orthopaedic surgery total joint replacement surgery and hip fracture surgery. J Hosp Adm. 2013; 2(4). PMID: 24363789.
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    54. Kimbro LB, Steers WN, Mangione CM, Duru OK, Ettner SL. The Association of Depression and the Cardiovascular Risk Factors of Blood Pressure, HbA1c, and Body Mass Index among Patients with Diabetes: Results from the Translating Research into Action for Diabetes Study. Int J Endocrinol. 2012; 2012:747460. PMID: 23227045.
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    55. Lee CI, Ponce NA, Ettner SL, Kahn KL, Bassett LW, Forman HP. Ordering of CT by emergency department provider type: analysis of a nationally representative sample. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012 Nov; 199(5):1054-9. PMID: 23096179.
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    56. Ong MK, Zhang L, Xu H, Azocar F, Ettner SL. Medicare Part D benzodiazepine exclusion and use of psychotropic medication by patients with new anxiety disorders. Psychiatr Serv. 2012 Jul; 63(7):637-42. PMID: 22549332.
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    57. Ong MK, Xu H, Zhang L, Azocar F, Ettner SL. Effect of medicare part D benzodiazepine exclusion on psychotropic use in benzodiazepine users. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012 Jul; 60(7):1292-7. PMID: 22725849; PMCID: PMC4387568.
    58. Raghavan R, Brown DS, Thompson H, Ettner SL, Clements LM, Key W. Medicaid expenditures on psychotropic medications for children in the child welfare system. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2012 Jun; 22(3):182-9. PMID: 22537361; PMCID: PMC3373221.
    59. Kelley AS, Ettner SL, Morrison RS, Du Q, Sarkisian CA. Disability and decline in physical function associated with hospital use at end of life. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 Jul; 27(7):794-800. PMID: 22382455; PMCID: PMC3378753.
    60. Kelley AS, Ettner SL, Wenger NS, Sarkisian CA. Determinants of death in the hospital among older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2011 Dec; 59(12):2321-5. PMID: 22092014; PMCID: PMC4051314.
    61. Ettner SL, Steers WN, Turk N, Quiter ES, Mangione CM. Drug benefit changes under Medicare Advantage Part D: heterogeneous effects on pharmaceutical use and expenditures. J Gen Intern Med. 2011 Oct; 26(10):1195-200. PMID: 21710313; PMCID: PMC3181315.
    62. Zingmond DS, Ettner SL, Wilber KH, Wenger NS. Association of claims-based quality of care measures with outcomes among community-dwelling vulnerable elders. Med Care. 2011 Jun; 49(6):553-9. PMID: 21499140; PMCID: PMC4535422.
    63. Bao Y, Casalino LP, Ettner SL, Bruce ML, Solberg LI, Unützer J. Designing payment for Collaborative Care for Depression in primary care. Health Serv Res. 2011 Oct; 46(5):1436-51. PMID: 21609327; PMCID: PMC3168701.
    64. Meredith LS, Branstrom RB, Azocar F, Fikes R, Ettner SL. A collaborative approach to identifying effective incentives for mental health clinicians to improve depression care in a large managed behavioral healthcare organization. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2011 May; 38(3):193-202. PMID: 20957427; PMCID: PMC3041867.
    65. McEwen LN, Kim C, Ettner SL, Herman WH, Karter AJ, Beckles GL, Brown AF. Competing demands for time and self-care behaviors, processes of care, and intermediate outcomes among people with diabetes: Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD). Diabetes Care. 2011 May; 34(5):1180-2. PMID: 21464464; PMCID: PMC3114509.
    66. Walling AM, Ettner SL, Barry T, Yamamoto MC, Wenger NS. Missed opportunities: use of an end-of-life symptom management order protocol among inpatients dying expected deaths. J Palliat Med. 2011 Apr; 14(4):407-12. PMID: 21388254; PMCID: PMC3070140.
    67. Cheng EM, Cunningham WE, Towfighi A, Sanossian N, Bryg RJ, Anderson TL, Guterman JJ, Gross-Schulman SG, Beanes S, Jones AS, Liu H, Ettner SL, Saver JL, Vickrey BG. Randomized, controlled trial of an intervention to enable stroke survivors throughout the Los Angeles County safety net to "stay with the guidelines". Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2011 Mar; 4(2):229-34. PMID: 21406671; PMCID: PMC3065242.
    68. Kelley AS, Ettner SL, Morrison RS, Du Q, Wenger NS, Sarkisian CA. Determinants of medical expenditures in the last 6 months of life. Ann Intern Med. 2011 Feb 15; 154(4):235-42. PMID: 21320939.
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    69. Ettner SL, Maclean JC, French MT. DOES HAVING A DYSFUNCTIONAL PERSONALITY HURT YOUR CAREER? AXIS II PERSONALITY DISORDERS AND LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES. Ind Relat (Berkeley). 2011 Jan; 50(1):149-173. PMID: 22053112.
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    70. Ettner SL, Azocar F, Branstrom RB, Meredith LS, Zhang L, Ong MK. Association of general medical and psychiatric comorbidities with receipt of guideline-concordant care for depression. Psychiatr Serv. 2010 Dec; 61(12):1255-9. PMID: 21123412; PMCID: PMC3776027.
    71. Duru OK, Xu H, Tseng CH, Mirkin M, Ang A, Tallen L, Moore AA, Ettner SL. Correlates of alcohol-related discussions between older adults and their physicians. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010 Dec; 58(12):2369-74. PMID: 21087224.
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    72. Zima BT, Bussing R, Tang L, Zhang L, Ettner S, Belin TR, Wells KB. Quality of care for childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in a managed care medicaid program. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2010 Dec; 49(12):1225-37, 1237.e1-11. PMID: 21093772.
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    73. Fish JS, Ettner S, Ang A, Brown AF. Association of perceived neighborhood safety with [corrected] body mass index. Am J Public Health. 2010 Nov; 100(11):2296-303. PMID: 20864717; PMCID: PMC2951920.
    74. Waitzfelder B, Gerzoff RB, Karter AJ, Crystal S, Bair MJ, Ettner SL, Brown AF, Subramanian U, Lu SE, Marrero D, Herman WH, Selby JV, Dudley RA. Correlates of depression among people with diabetes: The Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study. Prim Care Diabetes. 2010 Dec; 4(4):215-22. PMID: 20832375; PMCID: PMC4269468.
    75. Conover CJ, Weaver M, Arno P, Ang A, Ettner SL. Insurance coverage among people living with combined HIV/AIDS, chronic mental illness, and substance abuse disorders. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2010 Aug; 21(3):1006-30. PMID: 20693741.
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    76. Kelley AS, Morrison RS, Wenger NS, Ettner SL, Sarkisian CA. Determinants of treatment intensity for patients with serious illness: a new conceptual framework. J Palliat Med. 2010 Jul; 13(7):807-13. PMID: 20636149; PMCID: PMC4968277.
    77. Schmittdiel JA, Steers N, Duru OK, Ettner SL, Brown AF, Fung V, Hsu J, Quiter E, Tseng CW, Mangione CM. Patient-provider communication regarding drug costs in Medicare Part D beneficiaries with diabetes: a TRIAD Study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2010 Jun 14; 10:164. PMID: 20546616; PMCID: PMC2893177.
    78. Gilmer TP, Stefancic A, Ettner SL, Manning WG, Tsemberis S. Effect of full-service partnerships on homelessness, use and costs of mental health services, and quality of life among adults with serious mental illness. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2010 Jun; 67(6):645-52. PMID: 20530014.
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    79. Barnes AJ, Moore AA, Xu H, Ang A, Tallen L, Mirkin M, Ettner SL. Prevalence and correlates of at-risk drinking among older adults: the project SHARE study. J Gen Intern Med. 2010 Aug; 25(8):840-6. PMID: 20396975.
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    80. Ettner SL, French MT, Popovici I. Heavy drinking and health promotion activities. Soc Sci Med. 2010 Jul; 71(1):134-42. PMID: 20452110; PMCID: PMC2908481.
    81. Duru OK, Mangione CM, Hsu J, Steers WN, Quiter E, Turk N, Ettner SL, Schmittdiel JA, Tseng CW. Generic-only drug coverage in the Medicare Part D gap and effect on medication cost-cutting behaviors for patients with diabetes mellitus: the translating research into action for diabetes study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010 May; 58(5):822-8. PMID: 20406312; PMCID: PMC3125132.
    82. Ettner SL, Steers N, Duru OK, Turk N, Quiter E, Schmittdiel J, Mangione CM. Entering and exiting the Medicare part D coverage gap: role of comorbidities and demographics. J Gen Intern Med. 2010 Jun; 25(6):568-74. PMID: 20217267; PMCID: PMC2869422.
    83. Pevnick JM, Asch SM, Adams JL, Mattke S, Patel MH, Ettner SL, Bell DS. Adoption and use of stand-alone electronic prescribing in a health plan-sponsored initiative. Am J Manag Care. 2010 Mar; 16(3):182-9. PMID: 20225913.
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    84. Conover CJ, Weaver M, Ang A, Arno P, Flynn PM, Ettner SL. Costs of care for people living with combined HIV/AIDS, chronic mental illness, and substance abuse disorders. AIDS Care. 2009 Dec; 21(12):1547-59. PMID: 20024734.
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    85. Yoon J, Ettner SL. Cost-sharing and adherence to antihypertensives for low and high adherers. Am J Manag Care. 2009 Nov; 15(11):833-40. PMID: 19895188.
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    86. Duru OK, Ettner SL, Vassar SD, Chodosh J, Vickrey BG. Cost evaluation of a coordinated care management intervention for dementia. Am J Manag Care. 2009 Aug; 15(8):521-8. PMID: 19670955; PMCID: PMC2770874.
    87. Raghavan R, Inoue M, Ettner SL, Hamilton BH, Landsverk J. A preliminary analysis of the receipt of mental health services consistent with national standards among children in the child welfare system. Am J Public Health. 2010 Apr; 100(4):742-9. PMID: 19608950; PMCID: PMC2836330.
    88. FitzGerald JD, Boscardin WJ, Ettner SL. Changes in regional variation of Medicare home health care utilization and service mix for patients undergoing major orthopedic procedures in response to changes in reimbursement policy. Health Serv Res. 2009 Aug; 44(4):1232-52. PMID: 19500167; PMCID: PMC2739026.
    89. Ettner SL, Cadwell BL, Russell LB, Brown A, Karter AJ, Safford M, Mangione C, Beckles G, Herman WH, Thompson TJ. Investing time in health: do socioeconomically disadvantaged patients spend more or less extra time on diabetes self-care? Health Econ. 2009 Jun; 18(6):645-63. PMID: 18709636; PMCID: PMC2907112.
    90. Gilmer TP, Manning WG, Ettner SL. A cost analysis of San Diego County's REACH program for homeless persons. Psychiatr Serv. 2009 Apr; 60(4):445-50. PMID: 19339318.
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    91. Weaver MR, Conover CJ, Proescholdbell RJ, Arno PS, Ang A, Uldall KK, Ettner SL. Cost-effectiveness analysis of integrated care for people with HIV, chronic mental illness and substance abuse disorders. J Ment Health Policy Econ. 2009 Mar; 12(1):33-46. PMID: 19346565.
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    92. Schmittdiel JA, Ettner SL, Fung V, Huang J, Turk N, Quiter ES, Swain BE, Hsu JT, Mangione CM. Medicare Part D coverage gap and diabetes beneficiaries. Am J Manag Care. 2009 Mar; 15(3):189-93. PMID: 19298100; PMCID: PMC2824425.
    93. Wong MD, Ettner SL, Boscardin WJ, Shapiro MF. The contribution of cancer incidence, stage at diagnosis and survival to racial differences in years of life expectancy. J Gen Intern Med. 2009 Apr; 24(4):475-81. PMID: 19189193; PMCID: PMC2659154.
    94. Kim C, Tierney EF, Herman WH, Mangione CM, Narayan KM, Gerzoff RB, Bilik D, Ettner SL. Physician perception of reimbursement for outpatient procedures among managed care patients with diabetes mellitus. Am J Manag Care. 2009 Jan; 15(1):32-8. PMID: 19146362; PMCID: PMC3833066.
    95. Kuhlthau K, Kahn R, Hill KS, Gnanasekaran S, Ettner SL. The well-being of parental caregivers of children with activity limitations. Matern Child Health J. 2010 Mar; 14(2):155-63. PMID: 19034635.
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    96. Ettner SL, Conover CJ, Proescholdbell RJ, Weaver MR, Ang A, Arno PS. Triply-diagnosed patients in the HIV/AIDS Treatment Adherence, Health Outcomes and Cost Study: patterns of home care use. AIDS Care. 2008 Nov; 20(10):1177-89. PMID: 18608077.
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    97. O'Neill SM, Ettner SL, Lorenz KA. Paying the price at the end of life: a consideration of factors that affect the profitability of hospice. J Palliat Med. 2008 Sep; 11(7):1002-8. PMID: 18788962; PMCID: PMC2988453.
    98. O'Neill SM, Ettner SL, Lorenz KA. Are rural hospices at a financial disadvantage? Evidence from California. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2009 Feb; 37(2):189-95. PMID: 18599260.
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    99. Huh S, Rice T, Ettner SL. Prescription drug coverage and effects on drug expenditures among elderly Medicare beneficiaries. Health Serv Res. 2008 Jun; 43(3):810-32. PMID: 18454769.
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    100. Sadhu AR, Ang AC, Ingram-Drake LA, Martinez DS, Hsueh WA, Ettner SL. Economic benefits of intensive insulin therapy in critically Ill patients: the targeted insulin therapy to improve hospital outcomes (TRIUMPH) project. Diabetes Care. 2008 Aug; 31(8):1556-61. PMID: 18492943; PMCID: PMC2494645.
    101. French MT, Maclean JC, Ettner SL. Drinkers and bettors: investigating the complementarity of alcohol consumption and problem gambling. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2008 Jul 01; 96(1-2):155-64. PMID: 18430523; PMCID: PMC2710110.
    102. Weaver MR, Conover CJ, Proescholdbell RJ, Arno PS, Ang A, Ettner SL. Utilization of mental health and substance abuse care for people living with HIV/AIDS, chronic mental illness, and substance abuse disorders. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2008 Apr 01; 47(4):449-58. PMID: 18197121.
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    103. Carey K, Montez-Rath ME, Rosen AK, Christiansen CL, Loveland S, Ettner SL. Use of VA and Medicare services by dually eligible veterans with psychiatric problems. Health Serv Res. 2008 Aug; 43(4):1164-83. PMID: 18355256; PMCID: PMC2517276.
    104. Gary TL, Safford MM, Gerzoff RB, Ettner SL, Karter AJ, Beckles GL, Brown AF. Perception of neighborhood problems, health behaviors, and diabetes outcomes among adults with diabetes in managed care: the Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study. Diabetes Care. 2008 Feb; 31(2):273-8. PMID: 18000180.
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    105. Karter AJ, Stevens MR, Brown AF, Duru OK, Gregg EW, Gary TL, Beckles GL, Tseng CW, Marrero DG, Waitzfelder B, Herman WH, Piette JD, Safford MM, Ettner SL. Educational disparities in health behaviors among patients with diabetes: the Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) Study. BMC Public Health. 2007 Oct 29; 7:308. PMID: 17967177; PMCID: PMC2238766.
    106. Masaquel A, Wells K, Ettner SL. How does the persistence of depression influence the continuity and type of health insurance and coverage limits on mental health therapy? J Ment Health Policy Econ. 2007 Sep; 10(3):133-44. PMID: 17890830.
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    107. Shrank WH, Stedman M, Ettner SL, DeLapp D, Dirstine J, Brookhart MA, Fischer MA, Avorn J, Asch SM. Patient, physician, pharmacy, and pharmacy benefit design factors related to generic medication use. J Gen Intern Med. 2007 Sep; 22(9):1298-304. PMID: 17647066; PMCID: PMC2219782.
    108. Karter AJ, Parker MM, Moffet HH, Ahmed AT, Chan J, Spence MM, Selby JV, Ettner SL. Effect of cost-sharing changes on self-monitoring of blood glucose. Am J Manag Care. 2007 Jul; 13(7):408-16. PMID: 17620036; PMCID: PMC2292835.
    109. Karter AJ, Stevens MR, Gregg EW, Brown AF, Tseng CW, Marrero DG, Duru OK, Gary TL, Piette JD, Waitzfelder B, Herman WH, Beckles GL, Safford MM, Ettner SL. Educational disparities in rates of smoking among diabetic adults: the translating research into action for diabetes study. Am J Public Health. 2008 Feb; 98(2):365-70. PMID: 17600269; PMCID: PMC2376886.
    110. Dewa CS, McDaid D, Ettner SL. An international perspective on worker mental health problems: who bears the burden and how are costs addressed? Can J Psychiatry. 2007 Jun; 52(6):346-56. PMID: 17696020.
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    111. Kim C, Steers WN, Herman WH, Mangione CM, Narayan KM, Ettner SL. Physician compensation from salary and quality of diabetes care. J Gen Intern Med. 2007 Apr; 22(4):448-52. PMID: 17372791; PMCID: PMC1829429.
    112. FitzGerald JD, Boscardin WJ, Hahn BH, Ettner SL. Impact of the Medicare Short Stay Transfer Policy on patients undergoing major orthopedic surgery. Health Serv Res. 2007 Feb; 42(1 Pt 1):25-44. PMID: 17355580; PMCID: PMC1955238.
    113. Zingmond DS, Ettner SL, Cunningham WE. The impact of managed care on access to highly active antiretroviral therapy and on outcomes among Medicaid beneficiaries with AIDS. Med Care Res Rev. 2007 Feb; 64(1):66-82. PMID: 17213458.
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    114. Afifi AA, Kotlerman JB, Ettner SL, Cowan M. Methods for improving regression analysis for skewed continuous or counted responses. Annu Rev Public Health. 2007; 28:95-111. PMID: 17112339.
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    115. Wong MD, Chung AK, Boscardin WJ, Li M, Hsieh HJ, Ettner SL, Shapiro MF. The contribution of specific causes of death to sex differences in mortality. Public Health Rep. 2006 Nov-Dec; 121(6):746-54. PMID: 17278410; PMCID: PMC1781916.
    116. Montez-Rath M, Christiansen CL, Ettner SL, Loveland S, Rosen AK. Performance of statistical models to predict mental health and substance abuse cost. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2006 Oct 26; 6:53. PMID: 17067394; PMCID: PMC1636059.
    117. Liu JH, Zingmond DS, McGory ML, SooHoo NF, Ettner SL, Brook RH, Ko CY. Disparities in the utilization of high-volume hospitals for complex surgery. JAMA. 2006 Oct 25; 296(16):1973-80. PMID: 17062860.
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    118. FitzGerald JD, Mangione CM, Boscardin J, Kominski G, Hahn B, Ettner SL. Impact of changes in Medicare Home Health care reimbursement on month-to-month Home Health utilization between 1996 and 2001 for a national sample of patients undergoing orthopedic procedures. Med Care. 2006 Sep; 44(9):870-8. PMID: 16932139.
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    119. Shrank WH, Joseph GJ, Choudhry NK, Young HN, Ettner SL, Glassman P, Asch SM, Kravitz RL. Physicians' perceptions of relevant prescription drug costs: do costs to the individual patient or to the population matter most? Am J Manag Care. 2006 Sep; 12(9):545-51. PMID: 16961443.
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    120. Shrank WH, Asch SM, Joseph GJ, Young HN, Ettner SL, Kholodenko Y, Glassman P, Kravitz RL. Physicians' perceived knowledge of and responsibility for managing patients' out-of-pocket costs for prescription drugs. Ann Pharmacother. 2006 Sep; 40(9):1534-40. PMID: 16912246.
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    121. Karter AJ, Parker MM, Moffet HH, Spence MM, Chan J, Ettner SL, Selby JV. Longitudinal study of new and prevalent use of self-monitoring of blood glucose. Diabetes Care. 2006 Aug; 29(8):1757-63. PMID: 16873776.
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    122. Ettner SL, Thompson TJ, Stevens MR, Mangione CM, Kim C, Neil Steers W, Goewey J, Brown AF, Chung RS, Narayan KM. Are physician reimbursement strategies associated with processes of care and patient satisfaction for patients with diabetes in managed care? Health Serv Res. 2006 Aug; 41(4 Pt 1):1221-41. PMID: 16899004; PMCID: PMC1797087.
    123. Conover CJ, Arno P, Weaver M, Ang A, Ettner SL. Income and employment of people living with combined HIV/AIDS, chronic mental illness, and substance abuse disorders. J Ment Health Policy Econ. 2006 Jun; 9(2):71-86. PMID: 17007485.
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    124. Ettner SL. Does treatment 'pay for itself'? Looking at the economic argument for addiction treatment. Behav Healthc. 2006 May; 26(5):32-4. PMID: 16736917.
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    125. Hays RD, Eastwood JA, Kotlerman J, Spritzer KL, Ettner SL, Cowan M. Health-related quality of life and patient reports about care outcomes in a multidisciplinary hospital intervention. Ann Behav Med. 2006 Apr; 31(2):173-8. PMID: 16542132.
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    126. Shrank WH, Fox SA, Kirk A, Ettner SL, Cantrell CH, Glassman P, Asch SM. The effect of pharmacy benefit design on patient-physician communication about costs. J Gen Intern Med. 2006 Apr; 21(4):334-9. PMID: 16686808.
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    127. Shrank WH, Hoang T, Ettner SL, Glassman PA, Nair K, DeLapp D, Dirstine J, Avorn J, Asch SM. The implications of choice: prescribing generic or preferred pharmaceuticals improves medication adherence for chronic conditions. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Feb 13; 166(3):332-7. PMID: 16476874.
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    128. Ettner SL, Huang D, Evans E, Ash DR, Hardy M, Jourabchi M, Hser YI. Benefit-cost in the California treatment outcome project: does substance abuse treatment "pay for itself"? Health Serv Res. 2006 Feb; 41(1):192-213. PMID: 16430607; PMCID: PMC1681530.
    129. Cowan MJ, Shapiro M, Hays RD, Afifi A, Vazirani S, Ward CR, Ettner SL. The effect of a multidisciplinary hospitalist/physician and advanced practice nurse collaboration on hospital costs. J Nurs Adm. 2006 Feb; 36(2):79-85. PMID: 16528149.
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    130. Ettner SL, Kotlerman J, Afifi A, Vazirani S, Hays RD, Shapiro M, Cowan M. An alternative approach to reducing the costs of patient care? A controlled trial of the multi-disciplinary doctor-nurse practitioner (MDNP) model. Med Decis Making. 2006 Jan-Feb; 26(1):9-17. PMID: 16495196.
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    131. Shrank W, Ettner SL, Slavin PH, Kaplan HJ. Effect of physician reimbursement methodology on the rate and cost of cataract surgery. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005 Dec; 123(12):1733-8. PMID: 16344447.
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    132. Wong MD, Tagawa T, Hsieh HJ, Shapiro MF, Boscardin WJ, Ettner SL. Differences in cause-specific mortality between Latino and white adults. Med Care. 2005 Oct; 43(10):1058-62. PMID: 16166877.
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    133. Heslin KC, Andersen RM, Ettner SL, Kominski GF, Belin TR, Morgenstern H, Cunningham WE. Do specialist self-referral insurance policies improve access to HIV-experienced physicians as a regular source of care? Med Care Res Rev. 2005 Oct; 62(5):583-600. PMID: 16177459.
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    134. Wall SP, Ha ES, Habicht ME, Wawda H, Merchant GL, Ettner SL, Mower WR. Impact of patient race on receiving head CT during blunt head injury evaluation. Acad Emerg Med. 2005 Sep; 12(9):862-8. PMID: 16141021.
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    135. Wells K, Sherbourne C, Duan N, Unützer J, Miranda J, Schoenbaum M, Ettner SL, Meredith LS, Rubenstein L. Quality improvement for depression in primary care: do patients with subthreshold depression benefit in the long run? Am J Psychiatry. 2005 Jun; 162(6):1149-57. PMID: 15930064.
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    136. Heslin KC, Andersen RM, Ettner SL, Cunningham WE. Racial and ethnic disparities in access to physicians with HIV-related expertise. J Gen Intern Med. 2005 Mar; 20(3):283-9. PMID: 15836534; PMCID: PMC1490084.
    137. Shrank WH, Young HN, Ettner SL, Glassman P, Asch SM, Kravitz RL. Do the incentives in 3-tier pharmaceutical benefit plans operate as intended? Results from a physician leadership survey. Am J Manag Care. 2005 Jan; 11(1):16-22. PMID: 15697096.
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    138. Shrank WH, Ettner SL, Glassman P, Asch SM. A bitter pill: formulary variability and the challenge to prescribing physicians. J Am Board Fam Pract. 2004 Nov-Dec; 17(6):401-7. PMID: 15575031.
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    139. Lorenz KA, Ettner SL, Rosenfeld KE, Carlisle D, Liu H, Asch SM. Accommodating ethnic diversity: a study of California hospice programs. Med Care. 2004 Sep; 42(9):871-4. PMID: 15319612.
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    140. Lorenz KA, Asch SM, Rosenfeld KE, Liu H, Ettner SL. Hospice admission practices: where does hospice fit in the continuum of care? J Am Geriatr Soc. 2004 May; 52(5):725-30. PMID: 15086652.
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    141. Wells K, Sherbourne C, Schoenbaum M, Ettner S, Duan N, Miranda J, Unützer J, Rubenstein L. Five-year impact of quality improvement for depression: results of a group-level randomized controlled trial. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2004 Apr; 61(4):378-86. PMID: 15066896.
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    142. Grzywacz JG, Almeida DM, Neupert SD, Ettner SL. Socioeconomic status and health: a micro-level analysis of exposure and vulnerability to daily stressors. J Health Soc Behav. 2004 Mar; 45(1):1-16. PMID: 15179904.
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    143. Zingmond DS, Ye Z, Ettner SL, Liu H. Linking hospital discharge and death records--accuracy and sources of bias. J Clin Epidemiol. 2004 Jan; 57(1):21-9. PMID: 15019007.
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    144. Brown AF, Ettner SL, Piette J, Weinberger M, Gregg E, Shapiro MF, Karter AJ, Safford M, Waitzfelder B, Prata PA, Beckles GL. Socioeconomic position and health among persons with diabetes mellitus: a conceptual framework and review of the literature. Epidemiol Rev. 2004; 26:63-77. PMID: 15234948.
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    145. Mark TL, Ozminkowski RJ, Kirk A, Ettner SL, Drabek J. Risk adjustment for people with chronic conditions in private sector health plans. Med Decis Making. 2003 Sep-Oct; 23(5):397-405. PMID: 14570297.
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    146. Karter AJ, Stevens MR, Herman WH, Ettner S, Marrero DG, Safford MM, Engelgau MM, Curb JD, Brown AF. Out-of-pocket costs and diabetes preventive services: the Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study. Diabetes Care. 2003 Aug; 26(8):2294-9. PMID: 12882851.
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    147. Lorenz KA, Rosenfeld KE, Asch SM, Ettner SL. Charity for the dying: who receives unreimbursed hospice care? J Palliat Med. 2003 Aug; 6(4):585-91. PMID: 14516500.
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    148. Ettner SL, Grzywacz JG. Socioeconomic status and health among Californians: an examination of multiple pathways. Am J Public Health. 2003 Mar; 93(3):441-4. PMID: 12604492.
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    149. Ettner SL, Argeriou M, McCarty D, Dilonardo J, Liu H. How did the introduction of managed care for the uninsured in Iowa affect the use of substance abuse services? J Behav Health Serv Res. 2003 Jan-Feb; 30(1):26-40. PMID: 12645495.
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    150. Ettner SL, Denmead G, Dilonardo J, Cao H, Belanger AJ. The impact of managed care on the substance abuse treatment patterns and outcomes of Medicaid beneficiaries: Maryland's HealthChoice program. J Behav Health Serv Res. 2003 Jan-Feb; 30(1):41-62. PMID: 12633003.
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    151. Ettner SL, Johnson S. Do adjusted clinical groups eliminate incentives for HMOs to avoid substance abusers? Evidence from the Maryland Medicaid HealthChoice program. J Behav Health Serv Res. 2003 Jan-Feb; 30(1):63-77. PMID: 12633004.
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    152. Wong MD, Shapiro MF, Boscardin WJ, Ettner SL. Contribution of major diseases to disparities in mortality. N Engl J Med. 2002 Nov 14; 347(20):1585-92. PMID: 12432046.
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    153. Lorenz KA, Ettner SL, Rosenfeld KE, Carlisle DM, Leake B, Asch SM. Cash and compassion: profit status and the delivery of hospice services. J Palliat Med. 2002 Aug; 5(4):507-14. PMID: 12243675.
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    154. Hermann RC, Yang D, Ettner SL, Marcus SC, Yoon C, Abraham M. Prescription of antipsychotic drugs by office-based physicians in the United States, 1989-1997. Psychiatr Serv. 2002 Apr; 53(4):425-30. PMID: 11919355.
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    155. Wolsko PM, Eisenberg DM, Davis RB, Ettner SL, Phillips RS. Insurance coverage, medical conditions, and visits to alternative medicine providers: results of a national survey. Arch Intern Med. 2002 Feb 11; 162(3):281-7. PMID: 11822920.
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    156. Ettner SL, Grzywacz JG. Workers' perceptions of how jobs affect health: a social ecological perspective. J Occup Health Psychol. 2001 Apr; 6(2):101-13. PMID: 11326723.
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    157. Ettner SL. The setting of psychiatric care for medicare recipients in general hospitals with specialty units. Psychiatr Serv. 2001 Feb; 52(2):237-9. PMID: 11157127.
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    158. Ettner SL, Hermann RC. The role of profit status under imperfect information: evidence from the treatment patterns of elderly medicare beneficiaries hospitalized for psychiatric diagnoses. J Health Econ. 2001 Jan; 20(1):23-49. PMID: 11148870.
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    159. Ettner SL, Frank RG, Mark T, Smith MW. Risk adjustment of capitation payments to behavioral health care carve-outs: how well do existing methodologies account for psychiatric disability? Health Care Manag Sci. 2000 Feb; 3(2):159-69. PMID: 10780284.
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    160. Ettner SL, Kuhlthau K, McLaughlin TJ, Perrin JM, Gortmaker SL. Impact of expanding SSI on Medicaid expenditures of disabled children. Health Care Financ Rev. 2000; 21(3):185-201. PMID: 11481755; PMCID: PMC4194672.
    161. Ettner SL. Inpatient Psychiatric Care of Medicare Beneficiaries With State Buy-In Coverage. Health Care Financ Rev. 1998; 20(2):55-69. PMID: 25372895.
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    162. Perrin JM, Kuhlthau K, Ettner SL, McLaughlin TJ, Gortmaker SL. Previous Medicaid Status of Children Newly Enrolled in Supplemental Security Income. Health Care Financ Rev. 1998; 19(4):117-127. PMID: 25372891.
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